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Unit 4 Content Words

Renaissance and Reformation Terms

TermDefinition
Renaissance rebirth
Humanism an approach to life based on reason and our common humanity
Florence capital of Italy
Patron person who gives financial support to another
Perspective point of view
Leonardo Da Vinci He was anItalian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; the most versatile genius of the Italian Renaissance (1452-1519)
Mona Lisa Most famous portrait painting by Leonardo DaVinci
Last Supper Painting of the last supper before Christ was crucified
Renaissance Man Educated man who has studied many subjects
Scientist Researcher
Architect Designs/Draws plans for buildings
Sistine Chapel Ceiling painted by Michelango
Gutenberg Printing Press Gutenberg first created a metal type machine that pressed inked surface to transfer ink into paper
Gutenberg Bible The first book created using the Gutenberg Printing Press
Michealango He created the sculpture called David
Sistine Chapel Frescoes Painted scenes on the Sistine Chapel ceiling
Martin Luther He was a priest of the Roman Catholic Church, began the Reformation by posting his Ninety-five Theses
95 Theses a list of Martin Luther's church critisms
English Parliament responsible for making laws, deciding taxes and scrutinizing the government.
Act of Supremecy English act of Parliament that recognized Henry VIII as the “Supreme Head of the Church of England.” The act also required an oath of loyalty from English subjects that recognized his marriage to Anne Boleyn.
Galileo He was a central figure in the transition from natural philosophy to modern science and in the transformation of the scientific Renaissance into a scientific revolution
Galileo Trial Galileo was ordered to turn himself in to the Holy Office to begin trial for holding the belief that the Earth revolves around the Sun
Timelines occurring at a favorable or useful time.
Erasmus He was a Humanist who was the greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance, the first editor of the New Testament
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
Dante He was a poet, writer, political thinker, a Medieval Italian poet and philosopher whose poetic trilogy, The Divine Comedy, made a lasting impression on both literature and theology.
Michiavello He was anItalian Renaissance political philosopher and statesman, secretary of the Florentine republic, whose most famous work, The Prince
Elizabeth 1 She was the long-ruling queen of England, governing with relative stability and prosperity for 44 years.
Petrarch He was an Italian scholar and poet in Renaissance Italy, who was one of the earliest humanists
Jesuits Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order of priests
John Calvin In the first five years of his rule in Geneva, 58 people were executed and 76 exiled for their religious beliefs.
Council of Trent It played an important part in determining the outcome of the Counter-Reformation. Along with the part played by the Jesuits
Johannes Guttenburg He was the first to develop movable type(printing press) in 1450
Sculptor sculptor is an artist who takes a material and molds or carves it to make a finished product
Engineer a person who designs, builds, or maintains engines, machines, or public works
Inventor a person who invented a particular process or device or who invents things as an occupation (job)
Venice The capital of northern Italy and is built on more than 100 small islands in a lagoon in the Adriatic Sea. It has no roads, just canals lined with Renaissance and Gothic palaces.
Italy Capital and largest city inRome
Apprentice someone who works for a skilled or qualified person in order to learn a trade or profession
Verrocchio Florentine sculptor and painter and the teacher of Leonardo da Vinci who was a master of an important workshop in Florence.
Milan a metropolis (city) in Italy's northern region, is a global capital of fashion and design.
Essential Questions aim is to stimulate thought, to provoke inquiry, and to spark more questions,
Reformation a 16th-century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches
Created by: carla.jones