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Ancient Man

make sure to include the connection in each definition

TermDefinitionConnection to Learning
Lunar Calendar A calendar according to the moon Jewish calendar is primarily lunar but keeps up with sun. Islamic calendar is lunar
Solar calendar A calendar according to the sun American/ Gregorian/ Christian calendar is solar
Surplus an extra amount , more than is needed once people started to farm, they had a stable food source and a surplus of food
Agriculture the science, art , business of farming once people started farming, they could settle in one place
Archaeology recovery and study of ancient objects from the past (artifacts, ruins, bones) physical evidence of history. Proof that these things happened.
Domestication taming and training of animals and plants to live amongst and benefit humans wolves became dogs(less fierce, shorter snouts) and wild wheat became modern
Nomad a person who wanders from place to place in search of food hunter gatherers were nomads until they started farming.
Fertile Crescent area in the Middle East with super fertile soil farming started here (because the land was so fertile)
fertile good soil for planting fertile soil is necessary for farming
CE Common Era all the years AFTER the birth of Jesus
BCE Before the Common Era all the years BEFORE the birth of Jesus
Religion the belief and worship of a supreme being or beings
Culture a people's way of life including laws, customs, beliefs and values
Government a system of rules and the people who make and enforce them to help society run smoothly.
Geography the study of the Earth
Economics the production and distribution of goods and services
Primary Source (With example) an artifact, direct evidence or eye witness account The Diary of Anne Frank
Secondary Source (with example) a source about a primary source. A book about the diary of Anne Frank, article in the NY Times
What are the 3 ages? Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age
How are the 3 ages different? the tools they used differed in every age. This allowed them to make different things and have different strengths and weapons.
Artifact physical evidence of history in the form of fossils, bones, ruins, pottery etc.
2 ways Scientists Date objects Cultural Dating and Scientific Dating
Cultural Dating making an educated guess based on what you already know about a time period
Scientific Dating analyzing an object in a lab
How did Farming lead to civilizations? Farming led to a surplus of food, so people could settle down near their food source. This led to villages--towns--cities-- civilization!!
Benefits of Cooked food more nutrients could be absorbed, leading to a smaller stomach and a bigger brain.
Benefits of befriending animals animals could help people hunt and defended them
hunter gatherer / how they provided themselves with food a nomad who lived before civilized society. They were constantly thinking about their next meal. They hunted animals and fish, and gathered wild grains, nuts and berries.
What was the Role of women in farming? Women were the gatherers of the Hunter gatherers. They were the ones who noticed that seeds which were watered and planted would grow into more food.
Where did civilization first develop and why? The Fertile Crescent- it had the most fertile soil in the region, multiple rivers, and lots of wild vegetation and game.
What did man look for in his environment in order to be able to settle down? Man looked for fertile soil. a water source, and lots of plants and animals to eat.
After farming, what did man find he had more of? What was he able to then do? Man found he had more TIME, which allowed him to develop new interests and skills. (He didn't have to spend all his time searching for his next meal).
Time unit of measure created by people to keep track of the progress of life ways of keeping track of time- days, hours, minutes, hourglass, calendar
Created by: beinhorn