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Early Humans Test

6th Grade Review for Early Humans Unit Test

QuestionAnswer
History The study of the past
culture the knowledge, customs, beliefs and values of a group of people
primary source an account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event
archaeology the study of the past based on what people left behind
fossil a part of imprint of something that was once alive
artifacts objects created by and used by humans
secondary source information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
landforms the natural features of the land's surface
region an area with one or more features that make it different from surrounding areas
geography the study of the earth's physical and cultural features
environment includes all the living and non-living things that affect life in an area
resources materials found in the earth that people need and value
climate the pattern of weather conditions in a certain area over a long period of time
hominid an early ancestor of humans
ancestor a relative who lived in the past
prehistory the time before there was writing
tool any handheld object that has been modified to help a person accomplish a task
Paleolithic Era the first part of the Stone Age (Old Stone Age)
society a community of people who share a common culture
hunter-gatherers people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits & nuts to survive
migrate move from one area to another
Ice Ages long period of freezing weather that started about 1.6 million years ago & ended about 10,000 years ago
land bridge a strip of land connecting 2 continents
Neolithic Era The New Stone Age
domestication the process of changing plants and/or animals to make them more useful to humans
agriculture farming
How do archaeologists help us know what we think we know about the past? They study the remains of ancient human societies and study these artifacts to help us learn about what life was like.
What characteristics would describe hunter-gatherers and the way they lived? Men hunted in groups, women gathered nearby plants. Did not have permanent homes!
Why did early humans migrate? To find new sources of food.
In what ways did early humans adapt when they migrated to new places? Clothing - sewed animal skins together; Shelter - pits in the ground, branches and leaves, wood, stone and clay; Tools - new uses for bones and stone, bow and arrow; Technology - canoe, pottery, clothing and shelter
What characteristics would describe early humans and how they lived? They were hunter-gatherers and nomads. Would move when food supply was exhausted. Food supply was not reliable.
How did the shift from food-searching to food producing change the way people lived? They had a more reliable food source, they had permanent settlements (civilizations), there was an increase in population, wars over land (so weapons and defensive walls were built), food storage, new tools and improved methods of farming.
Neolithic Revolution The development of agriculture and the domestication of animals.
Created by: sfor585