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WORD DEFINITIONS

VARIOUS DEFINITIONS CHP 1-6 STUDY GUIDE

TermDefinition
CHORDEA TENDINEAE ROPEIIKE STRANDS ATTACHED TO THE TRICUSPID AND MITRAL HEART VALVES AND WALLS OF THE VENTRICLES KEEPING THE VALVES FIRMLY SEALED
VARICOSE VEIN DAMAGED VALVES IN A VEIN THAT ALLOW BLOOD TO FLOW BACKWARD AND COLLECT IN THE PROCEEDING SECTION OFTHE VEIN
VEIN COMBINING FORM: VEN/O MEANING VEIN CARRY BLOOD TO THE HEART LOW OXYGEN HAVE VALVES THAT KEEP BLOOD FLOWING IN ONE DIRECTION *EXCLUDES THE PULMONARY VEINS
ARTERY COMBINING FORM: ARTERI/O CARRY BLOOD AWAY FROM THE HEART HIGHLY OXYGENATED BLOOD *EXCEPT PULMONARY ARTERY
PULMONARY VEIN ANY OF THE 4 LARGE VEINS THAT CARRY OXYGENATED BLOOD FROM THE LUNGS TO THE LEFT ATRIUM OF THE HEART
PULMONARY ARTERY THE LARGE ARTERY ORIGINATING FOM THE SUPERIOR SURFACE OF THE RIGHT VENTRICLE THAT CARRIES DEOXYGENATED BLOOD TO THE LUNGS FOR OXYGENATION.
ANEURYSM "BALOONING ARTERY" - AREA OF DILATION AND WEAKNESS IN THE WALL OF AN ARTERY
BLOOD PRESSURE THE AMOUNT OF PRESSURE IN THE BLOOD VESSELS. SEE ALSO HYPERTENSION (HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE) AND HYPOTENSION (LOW BLOOD PRESSURE)
SPLEEN ORGAN IN THE LEFT UPPER PART OF THE ABDOMINOPELVIC CAVITY. PART OF THE IMMUNE SYSTEM. STORES WHOLE BLOOD. RECYCLES WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
ANATOMICAL POSITION BODY IS STANDING ERECT, HEAD IS UP WITH EYES LOOKING FORWARD, ARMS ARE BY THE SIDES WITH PALMS FACING FORWARD AND LEGS ARE STRAIGHT WITH FEET FLAT ON THE GROUND AND TOES FACING FORWARD
COPD CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. CHRONIC BRONCHITIS OR EMPHYSEMA - AVEOLI IN THE LUNGS GET DAMAGED AND STRETCHED OUT CAUSING PROBLEMS BREATHING OUT. TREATED WITH PREDNISONE
CYSTIC FIBROSIS CYST/O - BLADDER OR FLUID FILLED SAC FIBR/O- FIBER -OSIS - CONDITION OR PROCESS Hereditary - causes a thick, sticky buildup of mucus in the lungs, pancreas, and other organs
PNEUMONIA AN INFECTION THAT INFLAMES THE AIR SACS IN ONE OR BOTH LUNGS ASPIRATION - when food, saliva, liquids, or vomit is breathed into the lungs BACTERIAL, DOUBLE, BRONCHIAL-inflammation and infection in the alveoli LOBAR, VIRAL AND WALKING PNEUMONIA
CULTURE VS SENSITIVITY CULTURE IS GROWN IN A PETRIE DISH / SENSITIVITY INTRODUCES ANTIBIOTICS TO FIND WHICH ONE STOPS OR SLOWS GROWTH
THYMUS JUST DEEP TO THE STERNUM. FATTY GLOB OF TISSUE RESPONSIBLE FOR T-CELL MATURATION.
CHF CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE: HEART CAN'T PUMP ENOUGH BLOOD. BLOOD PUSHES BACKWARD INTO THE SYSTEM AND PATIENT CAN'T BREATHE.
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION MY/0- MUSCLE CARDI/O- HEART -AL-PERTAINING TO INFARCT/O-TISSUE DEATH -TION-PROCESS OR CONDITION HEART ATTACK
ACUTE SUDDEN IN NATURE AND SEVERE IN INTENSITY
SUBACUTE SUDDEN IN NATURE BUT LESS SEVERE INTENSITY
CHRONIC CONTINUING FOR MORE THAN 3 MONTHS
EXACERBATION SUDDEN WORSENING
REMISSION TEMPORARY IMPROVEMENT
SEQUELA AN ABNORMAL CONDITION THAT ARISES BECAUSE OF THE ORIGINAL DISEASE AND REMAINS AFTER THE ORIGINAL DISEASE HAS RESOLVED
Created by: kdelacosta