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GSE Unit 4 Test Rev

GSE Unit 4 Latin America: Physical and Human Geography Test Review

This country has the South America’s largest total land area, economy, and population. Brazil
This country is arguably the most troubled nation in South America, particularly as relates to the illegal narcotics trade. Colombia
This country is the United States’ southern neighbor and a NAFTA trading partner. There are more Spanish-speakers in this country today than in Spain itself. Mexico
This island country in recent years has attempted to normalize diplomatic and commercial relations with the U.S. It remains the only communist state in the western hemisphere. Cuba
This is the name for a cultural region, composed of twenty countries and six territories in North and South America. Latin America
Flowing across the north central part of the continent is a waterway, located primarily in Brazil. At nearly 4,000-mile long it is the world’s second longest river after the Nile. Amazon River
Located in South America, this land-form extends down the western side of the entire continent for nearly 4,500 miles. Andes Mountains
Located in South America, on its western central coast, primarily in Chile, this land-form is over 600 square miles in size and is the driest place on Earth. Atacama Desert
This was constructed in 1914 across the Isthmus of Panama creating a man-made waterway allowing for the passage of vessels between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean? Panama Canal
A leading cause of deforestation in the Amazon rain-forest is Cattle ranching
Which of the following is not a reason why the Amazon rain-forest is being deforested at an alarming rate? to prevent attacks on nearby human settlements by rabid sloths
The ecology of Brazil's rain forest is most threatened by which of these human activities? cutting down trees
Which poses the greatest threat to the rain forest in Brazil? logging in the rain forest
Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, has some of the worst air pollution of any major city on Earth. The problem comes from (is caused by): the city’s low elevation (surrounded by mountains) coupled with the energy and transportation requirements of its nearly 9 million residents
Because of the factory and coal power plant emissions and vehicle exhaust, Mexico City’s air quality is extremely: poor
To combat its air pollution, Mexico City is taking the following actions: limits the number of days its citizens are permitted to operate their personal motor vehicles and encourages use of the city’s bus and train networks as an alternative means of transportation
This country is in North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States and to the south by Belize and Guatemala. The Pacific Ocean is found on its western coast; the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea is on its eastern coast. Mexico
This country is located in northeastern South America and is the largest country on the continent. The Caribbean Sea is found on its northern coast; the Atlantic Ocean is on its eastern coast. Brazil
Even though only 7% of Brazil’s land is arable, it leads the world in the production of this product: coffee
This is an island located in the northwestern Caribbean, only about 90 miles south of Key West, Florida. Cuba
Most Cubans live in the nation’s _________ areas where manufacturing jobs are present – especially sugar cane refining. urban
Millions of Mexicans have migrated to the nation’s capital, Mexico City, seeking employment in this economic sector: industrial
Brazil’s climate is mostly ___________ in the north of the country, although there are temperate zones south of the Tropic of Capricorn. tropical
Most of Brazil’s population is found in the eastern coastal region of the country because the nation’s vibrant ___________ industry. tourism
The climate of Cuba is ____________, making it a frequent target of hurricanes and tropical storms. subtropical
As with any small island country, Cuba has fewer natural resources than countries such as Brazil. This affects their trade in that Cuba Needs to import more products
The arrival of Europeans in the New World brought with it many deadly ________ which decimated native populations. diseases
Sanitation and living conditions on the many slave ships, which brought black Africans to the Americas, were deplorable; the mortality rate on such journeys was typically: 25%
One impact of the African Slave Trade included Further blending of ethnic groups in Latin America
This term refers to the enslavement and forced transportation of 12-15 million black Africans to the Americas between the 15th and 19th centuries; associated terms include the triangular trade and the middle passage across the Atlantic. transatlantic slave trade
Because of the decimated native populations, the Spanish and Portuguese began importing _________ from West Africa in what became known as the transatlantic slave trade slaves
This black African slave labor force was impressed (forced) into _____________ work on plantations and haciendas throughout Latin America, as well as in gold and diamond mines in Brazil. agricultural
The African slave trade grew because European nations wanted the captured Africans to work on the plantations in their colonies.
Latin America is ethnically diverse because of a blending (intermarriage) of Indigenous Americans, Europeans, and Africans
Which country had the most significant impact on the language and religion of Latin America? Spain
Which Latin American country is the only one whose language and culture have been greatly influenced by Portugal, because it was the only colony of Portugal in the region? Brazil
Part of the Columbian Exchange between Europe and the Americas included the Introduction of new crops to Europe and the Americas
The influence of _________ is most pronounced throughout Mexico, Central America (excepting Belize), northern and western South America, and the western Caribbean. Spanish
Latin America and the Caribbean are very diverse, culturally blended areas. One reason for this diversity is the intermarriage of European settlers and indigenous peoples
Spain colonized many countries in Latin America. How is Spain's influence still seen in these countries today? Most of the people in these countries are Roman Catholic (Christian)
The religion practiced and languages spoken throughout much of Latin America are similar because the people were Colonized by the same countries
Constructed Response-Directions: Choose one of the following questions to answer. Be sure to give a complete answer with examples and details from the unit. Be sure to write in complete sentences. What is the impact of development and trade on the environment (air pollution in Mexico City destruction of rain forests in Brazil, and oil-related pollution in Venezuela)?
Constructed Response-Directions: Choose one of the following questions to answer. Be sure to give a complete answer with examples and details from the unit. Be sure to write in complete sentences. Why is this region known as Latin America? Be specific.
Constructed Response-Directions: Choose one of the following questions to answer. Be sure to give a complete answer with examples and details from the unit. Be sure to write in complete sentences. How has the blending of ethnic groups impacted the people and the culture in Latin America?
Map Skills: SS6G1 – Locate selected features of Latin America Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the following countries, land-forms, and bodies of water (Study your Latin America map) Amazon River, Amazon Rain-forest, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Panama Canal, Andes Mountains, Sierra Madre Mountains, and Atacama Desert and the countries of Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, and Panama.
Created by: jpkelley