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MBC 100 The Language of Medicine, Ch. 3

abdominocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen.
achondroplasia Inherited disorder in which the bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size; a form of dwarfism
acromegaly Fear of heights.
acute Characterized by severe symptoms and a short course of illness.
adenoids Small masses of lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx, close to the nasal passageway.
adipose Pertaining to fat.
agoraphobia Fear of open spaces; an anxiety disorder.
amniocentesis Surgical puncture with a needle to withdraw fluid from within the amniotic sac.
anemia Condition marked by reduction in the number of erythrocytes or in the amount of hemoglobin in blood.
angiogenesis Formation of blood vessels.
angiography X-ray imaging of blood vessels after injection of a contrast material.
angioplasty Surgical repair of a blood vessel.
arteriole Smallest of arteries.
arteriosclerosis Hardening of an artery with collection of fatty plaque.
artralgia Joint pain.
atrophy Decrease in size or lack of development of organ or tissue of the body; wasting away.
axillary Pertaining to the underarm or armpit.
basophil White blood cell (leukocyte) containing dark granules that stain with a basic dye.
biopsy Process of removing a small piece of living tissue for microscopic examination.
blepharoptosis Sagging or drooping of eyelid; ptosis.
bronchitis Inflammation of bronchial tubes.
carcinogenesis formation or production of cancer.
carcingenic Pertaining to producing cancer.
cardiac Pertaining to the heart.
cardiomyopathy Disease of the heart muscle.
chemotherapy Treatment using drugs or chemicals.
chondromalacia Softening of the cartilage.
chronic Pertaining to occurring over a long time.
colostomy New opening of the colon through the abdominal wall to the outside of the body.
cystocele Hernia of the urinary bladder.
electroencephalogram Record of the electricity in the brain.
electroencephalograph An instrument used to record the electricity in the brain.
electroencephalography Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
eosinophil A granular white blood cell with cytoplasmic graules that stain with eosin (a reddish dye).
erythrocyte Red blood cell.
erythropenia Deficiency of red blood cells.
esophagus Tube that carries food from the pharynx (throat) to the stomach.
hematoma Collection or mass of blood; bruise.
hemolysis Destruction of red blood cells.
hemostasis Stoppage of bleeding or circulation of blood.
hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of excess backup of fluid (urine) in the kidney.
hydrotherapy Treatment using water; whirlpool baths.
hpertrophy Increase in size of tissue or an organ due to increase in size of individual cells.
inguinal Pertaining to the groin.
ischemia Condition of holding back blood from an organ or tissue.
laparascope Instrument used to visually examine the abdomen.
laparoscopy Process of visually examining the contents of the abdomen (using an endoscope).
laparatomy Incision through the abdominal wall
laryngeal Pertaining to the larynx or voice box.
laryngectomy Removal of the larynx or voice box
leukemia Disease of high numbers of malignant (cancerous) white blood cells.
leukocyte White blood cell
leukocytosis Slight increase in white blood cells.
lymphocyte White blood cell found in blood and lymphatic tissue that fights disease.
mammogram X-ray record of the breast.
mastectomy Removal (excision) of a breast.
metastasis Spread of a malignant tumor beyond its original location to a distant site.
monocyte White blood cell with one large nucleus; capable of killing foreign substances by phagocytosis (ingestion).
morphology Study of the shape or form of cells.
mucoid Resembling mucus.
mucous membrane Epithelial membrane that secretes mucus and lines the tubular organs of the body.
mucus Sticky (viscous) substance that is secreted from a mucous membrane.
myalgia Muscle pain.
myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord.
myeloma Malignant tumor of bone marrow.
myoma Tumor of muscle
myosarcoma Malignant tumor of muscle tissue; a type of flesh tumor or sarcoma.
necropsy Viewing a dead body; autopsy.
necrosis Condition of death of cells.
necrotic Pertaining to death.
nephrologist A specialist in the study of the kidneys.
nephropathy Disease process of the kidneys
neuralgia Nerve pain.
neutropenia Deficiency of neutrophils.
neutrophil A granular leukocyte; important disease-fighting cell
opthalmology Study of the eye and eye disorders
osteogenic Pertaining to produced in or by bone.
osteomalacia Softening of bones.
otalgia Ear pain.
paracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen; abdominocentesis
pathogenesis Development of disease.
pathologic Pertaining to the study of disease.
pericardium Double-layered membrane surrounding the heart.
peritoneal Pertaining to the peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdomen).
phlebotomy Incision of a vein for the removal of blood.
platelet Clotting cell also called thrombocyte.
pleural Pertaining to the pleura (membrane surrounding the lungs and adjacent to the chest wall).
pleurodynia Pain associated with the pleura
pneumonia Acute inflammation and infection of the alveoli, which fill with pus, and products of inflammation.
polymorphonuclear leukocyte White blood cell with multi-lobe nucleus and dark-staining granules; disease fighting cell or neutrophil.
ptosis Prolapse, drooping, and sagging of the upper eyelid
pulmonary Pertaining to the lung.
radiographer One who assists a radiologist in performing diagnostic x-ray procedures.
radiotherapy Treatment using radiation, high-enery x-rays or other radiation sources.
rectocele Hernia of the rectum.
rhinorrhea Discharge from the nose.
splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
staphylococci Berry or spherical shaped bacteria.
streptococcus Berry or spherical shaped bacterium in twisted chain formation.
thoracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest.
thrombocyte Platelets (clotting cells).
thrombocytopenia Deficiency of clotting cells.
thrmbophlebitis Inflammation of a vein associated with formation of a thrombus or clot.
tonsillar Pertaining to the tonsils
tonsillitis Inflammation of tonsils.
tracheostomy An opening into the trachea through which an indwelling tube is inserted.
tracheotomy New opening of the trachea to the outside of the body.
venule Smallest of veins.
Created by: Momster
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