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APHUG Unit 2

unit 2 cards

TermDefinition
Transhumance The season movement of people and their livestock over short distances
Transmigration to cause to go from one state of existence or place to another
Voluntary movement of an individual who consciously and voluntarily decides to locate to a new area the opposite of force migration
Step Migration a migration in which an eventual long-distance relocation is under taken in stages as
Space time prism a diagram of the volume of space and the length of time within which our activities of our bodily needs and the means of mobility at our command
refugee people who we forced o migrate from their home country and cannot return to fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group or political opinion
push pull factors factors that induce people to move to a new location. factors that induce people to leave old residences
place utility in human movement and migration studies a measure of an individuals perceived satisfaction or approval of a place in its social economic or environmental attributes
personal space an invisible usually irregular area around a personn into which he or she does not willingly admit others. the sense of personal space is situational and cultural variable
periodic movement for example college attendance or military service that involves temporary recurrent relocation
migratory movement consists of changes in a society that results from the social andeconpomic changes that also produces the demographic transition
rural urban describes interregional migration as an example from rural to urban life
iterregional permanent movement from one region of a country to another
intercontinental permanent from one continent/ country to another
migration patterns patterns of movement intercontinental over countries border interregional within a region or certain area rural to urban
intervening opportunity an environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that increases migration
internal migration the permeant or semipermanent movement of individuals within a particular country
gravity model a mathematical prediction of the interaction between two bodies as a function of their size and of the distance separating them
forced permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors
distance decay the declining intensity of any activities or function with increasing distance from it's point of origin
cyclic movement movement nomadic migration
chain migration migration of people to a specific location because of relatives or memebers of the same nationality previously migrated there
activity space the area within which people move freely on they rounds of regular activity
zero population growth proposal to end population growth through a variety of official and nongovernmental family planning programs
underpopulaion lacking the normal population density
sustainability to keep existence to maintain
s-curve a type of curve which shows the growth of a variable in terms of another variable often expressed as units of time
rate of natural increase the percentage by which he population grows in a new year
standard of living a level of material comfort in terms of good and services available to someone or some group
population pyramid a bar graph representing the distribution of population by age an sex
population project estimate of future population growth by extrapolating from current trends and known growth factors
age distribution the portion individuals of different ages within a population you can use an age distribution to estimate survival by calculating in proportion of individuals in succeeding age classes
population densities a measurement of the number of people per given unit of land
overpopulation too many people in one place for the resources available
neo-malthusian people who believe in a set of doctrines derived from Thomas Malthus's theory that limited resources keep populations in check and reduce economic growth
natality number of births per year to every 1000 people in the population
mortality the rate of which people die
mathus thomas one of the first to argue that the world's rate of population increase was for out running the developing of food population
maladaptation an interent tendensen for an organisms adaption to degrease would translate into maladaptations
j-curve refer to a variety of unrelated j-shaped diagrams where a sure initially falls but then rises to higher than a starting point
infant mortality rate the percentage of children who die before their first birthday which a particular country or area
gender space genders are separate into two different places
epidemiological transition model distinctive causes of death in each stage of demographic transition
ecumene the portion of earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement
doubling time time period required for a population experimenting exponential growth to double in size completely
disease diffusion spreading of disease from one place to another
diffusion of fertility control spreading of fertility control from on place to another
depending ratio the ratio of number of people who are either too old or young to provide for themselves to the number of people who must support them through their own labor
demographic transition models a sequence of demographic changes in which a country moves from high birth and death rates through
demographic regions study of population characteristics by region
demographic momentum the tendency for population growth to continue despite stringent family planning programs because of relatively high concentration of people in child bearing years
demographic equation an equation summarizes the amount of growth or decline in a population within a country during a particular time period taking into account both natural increase and net migration
cohort a population group unified by a specific common characteristic such as age and subsequently treated as a statistical unit
carrying capacity the largest number of people that the environment of a particular area can sustainably support
Created by: Macster