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Pharmacology WList

Pharmacology Word List

Additive Action The total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each.
Aerosols Particules of medication suspended in air.
Amphetamine Central Nervous System stimulants.
Analgesic Drug which relieves pain.
Anaphylaxis Hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism.
Anaesthetic Drug which reduces or eliminates sensation.
Antacid Drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach.
Antianginal Drug which relieves angina by increasing blood flow.
Antiarrhythmic Drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle.
Antibiotic Chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms.
Anticoagulant Drug that prevents blood clotting.
Anticonvulsant Drug that prevents convulsions.
Antidepressant Drug that is used to relieve symptoms of depression.
Antidiabetic Drug used to treat diabetes mellitus.
Antidiarrheal Drug used to prevent diarrhea.
Antidote Agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of a drug.
Antihistamine Drug that blocks the action of ntural histamines in the body and releives allergy symptoms.
Antihypertensive Agent that lowers blood pressure.
Antinauseant Agent that relieves nausea.
Barbiturate hypnotic drug derived from barbituric acid.
Beta-Blocker Cardiac drug that blocks the action of epinephrine.
Brand Name Commercial name for a drug;trade name.
Caffeine Central Nervous System stimulant.
Cardiotonic Drug that promotes the force and efficiency of the heart.
Contraindications Factors in a patient's condition that prevents the use of a drug treatment.
Cumulative Action the concentration of a drug may increase with each dose,due to the half-life of previous doses.
Diuretic Drug that increases the production of urine.
Emetic Drug that promotes vomiting.
Half-life The time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested.
Hypnotic Agent that produces sleep.
Latrogenic An effect that is produced as an individual sensitivity to a drug.
Inhalation Administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose or mouth.
Laxative Drug that releives mild constipation.
Narcotic Habit-forming drug (potent analegesic) that relives pain.
Oral Drug given by mouth.
Parenteral Drugs given by injection.
Rectal Drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum.
Receptor Target substance with which a drug interacts in the body.
Sedative Mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes, without necessarily producing sleep.
Side Effect An effect that routinely results from the use of a drug.
Stimulant Agent that excites and promotes activity.
Sublingual Drugs given under the tongue.
Synergism A combination of two drugs that cause an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug given alone.
Syringe Instrument for introducing fliuds to or withdrawing fliuds from the body.
Tolerance Drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect.
Topical Drugs applied on the skin or mucous membranes.
Toxicity Harmful effects of a drug.
Tranquilizer Drug used to control anxiety.
Transport Movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells.
Vitamin Substances found in foods which are essential for life.
Anti-emetic Treat nausea and vomiting.
Therapeutic Medications Relieve Symptoms
Otic route Medication placed directly in the ear.
Absorbtion Process by which medication is taken into the body.
Sustained release Delay in active absortion of medication.
Enteric Coated Helps medication to bypass the stomach.
Metabolism Breaking down a drug into metabolites.
Distribution Metabolites being transported to various parts of the body.
Allergies Serious reactions to medications.
Excretion Accomplished mainly by the kidneys.
Therapeutic Action Purpose for giving a drug.
Controlled Drug Drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply due to potential for addiction.
Created by: zeldafan