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ONCOLOGY 1

Mrs. Todd's Neoplasms

QuestionAnswer
This latin word meaning crab,now refers to any malignant tumor(neoplasm,oncoma)? Cancer
These are malignant tumors of epithelial tissues and make up the majority of all cancers? Carcinomas
Originate in connective or supportive tissues of the body such as muscles,tendons,fat,joints, and bone? Sarcomas
Cancers of the blood-forming tissues? Leukemias
Cancers of the lymphoid tissues? Lymphomas
Cancers of the bone marrow? Myelomas
cancer fo squamous epithelium is called a_______? Squamous carcinoma
_____________ is a type of skin cancer? Basal Cell Carcinoma
___________is a cancer that originates in the bronchus of the respiratory tract? Broncogenic carcinoma
surgery is a treatment used when possible to remove cancerous tissues? T or F True
________and __________are two principal treatments to remove remaining cancerous cells. Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy
_______ is a treatment that employs the injection of hormones, active and passive. Immunotherapy
Laser therapy with a special chemical injected into the blood stream is called___________? Photodynamic Therapy
Air and or water pollution and radiation make up__________ classifications. Environmental
Hormones,genetic dispositons and viruses constitute a __________ category. Hereditary
Smoking,chemicals used in industry,food cosmetics and plastics are __________classifications. Biological
_________ means Cancer of the bone. Osteosarcoma
Normall cells reproducing themselves in an orderly process? Mitosis
Immature cells under going normal changes as them mature and assume specialized functions? Differentiation
Failure of immature cells to develope specialized functions? Dedifferentiation
Tumor cells that are well differentiated? Grade l
Tumor cells that are moderately differentiated Grade ll
These are tumor cells that are poorly to very poorly differentiated? Grade lll
TNM Tumor Node Metastisis
Used to detect abnormal or cancerous cells in the cervix/vagina? Pap Smear/test
This test is used to find hidden blood in the colon? Fecal occult blood test
A microscopic examine of sputum? Sputum cytology test
A test to diagnose and monitor fetal distress or fetal abnormalities? AFP(Alpha-fetoprotein)
A test that can indicate atopic pregnancies and testicular cancer? HCG(Human chorionic gonadotropin)
__________are usually not a threat to life and are encapsulated? Benign Tumors
__________grow rapidly and are threats to life unless detedted early and properly treated. Malignant Tumors
____ and _____ are two types of radiation therapy. IRT (INTERNAL RADIATION THERAPY), AND ERT(EXTERNAL RADIATION THERAPY)
An examination used to detect prostate cancer DRE (Digital Rectal Examination)
Removal of tumor and surrounding tissue. Excisional biopsy
Removal of part of a tumor incisional biopsy
Puncture of a tumor for the removal of a core of tissue. Needle biopsy
Form of breast biopsy. Fine Needle aspiration
The use of mammogram-guided needle Stereotactic biopsy
Using a large bore needle to remove a generous sample of breast tissue with the assistance of a vacuum-assisted needle biopsy device. Core biopsy
Process by which a physician pinpoints the first lymph node into which a tumor drans and removes only those most likely to be cancerous. Sentinel node biopsy
aden/o gland
carcin/o cancer
-gen formation,produce
-oid resemble
brachy- short
American Cancer Society ACS
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS
Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia ALL
breast cancer gene BRCA
biopsy Bx
cancer CA
carcinoembryonic antigen CEA
CHEMOTHERAPY chemo
Chronic myelocytic leukemia CML
ductal carcinoma in situ DCIS
Deoxyribonucleic acid DNA
FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION FNA
HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA HCC
HYMAN T-CELL LEUKEMIA-LYMPHOMA VIRUS HTLV
METASTASIS METS
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma NHL
prostate-specific antigen PSA
RADIATION THERAPY RT
TUMOR,NODE,METASTASIS TNM
TREATMENT TX
RADIATION THERAPY XRT
BLAST/O EMBRYONIC CELL
MUT/A GENETIC CHANGE
RADI/O RADIATION; X-RAY
PLASIA- FORMATION,GROWTH
-PLASM A THING FORMED
PLASTIC- FORMATIVE
OLIGO- LITTLE
ASTRO- STAR SHAPED
NEO- NEW
CHORI/O CHORION
MEDULL/O MARROW
ANGI/O VESSEL
IMMUN/O SAFE
ONC/O TUMOR
RETICUL/O NET,MESH
RHABD/O ROD-SHAPED
DUCT TO LEAD
TRISM GRATING
CAPSUL WITHIN
SARC FLESH
SEMIN SEED
TERAT MONSTER
TOX POISON
-GENIC PRODUCING
-IN SUBSTANCE
-PLAKIA PLATE
-ATE USE,ACTION
-IVE NATURE
-STASIS CONTROL
FORM OF LYMPHOMA THAT OCCURS IN YOUNG ADULTS. Hodgkin's disease
Process of increasing the severity of symptoms. Exacerbation
Process by which normal cells have a distinct appearance and specialized function. differentiation
Enclosed within a site in situ
Enclosed within a sheath Encapsulated
Type of laser therapy that involves the use of a special chemical that is injected into the blood stream and absorbed by cells all over the body. Photodynamic therapy
Process of growing rapidly Fungating
Excessive formation and growth of normal cells. Hyperplasia
Malignant neoplasm that causes violaceous(purplish discoloration)vascular lesions and general lymphadenopathy. Kaposi's sarcoma
Spreading process of cancer from one area of the body to another. Metastasis
Created by: chey