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Quick & Easy MT ch12

Quick & Easy MT Ch 12 The Integumentary System

integument skin or external covering of the body
epidermis thin layer of skin above the dermis
dermis thick layer of skin under the epidermis
Adipose fatty
subcutaneous layer of fat that serves as insulation and a cushion against shock. Below dermis
adip/o fat
lip/o fat
axill/o axilla (armpit)
bacter/i bacteria
bacteri/o bacteria
erythemat/o erythema or redness
follicul/o follicle
ichthy/o fish
kerat/o horny
onych/o nail
ungu/o nail
pil/o hair
trich/o hair
seb/o sebum
seps/o infection
sept/o infection
xer/o dry
-cidal killing
-static keeping stationary
sudoriferous glands sweat glands
sebum oily substance produced by sebaceous glands that is responsible for lubrication of the skin
sebaceous glands glands that arise from the hair follicles
ungual pertaining to the nail
lesion any visible, localized abnormality of the skin
nodule raised area of the overlying skin
cyst lesion thatis filled with fluid or a semisolid material
macules discolored spot, non-elevated (freckle)
papules small elevated lesion
pustule fluid-filled sac containing pus
vesicle blister less than 1 cm, filled with clear fluid
bulla blister, larger than 1 cm
plaque elevated lesion that appears as a large patch (dandruff)
wheals elevated and irregularly shaped lesions (lesions seen with urticaria / hives / allergic reaction)
fissure linear cracks in the dermis
Ulcer deep, irregular erosions that extend into the dermis
Atrophy characterized by thinning with the loss of skin markings (stretch marks)
keloid excessive overgrowth of unsightly scar tissue
laceration torn, jagged wound
incision smooth-edged wound produced by a sharp instrument
aseptic free of pathogenic organisms (without infection)
puncture wound made by piercing
abrasion skin is scraped or rubbed away by friction
contusion (bruise) is caused by a blow to the body that does not break the skin
Superficial burn first degree, only epidermis, red, no immediate blisters
deep partial-thickness burn second degree, extends into dermis, red and moist, blistered
full thickness third degree, throughout the dermis and third degree, epidermis, sometimes into the subcutaneous layer, hard, dry and leathery, whit, deep red, yellow, brown to black
Deep full thickness fourth degree, no skin layers remain, underlying bone and muscle are damaged, wound is blackened and depressed, muscle and bone are exposed
abcess a cavity that contains pus caused by an infectious microorganism and surrounded by inflamed tissue
albinism an absence of normal pigmentation, present at birth
cellulitis an acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized most commonly by local heat, redness, pain and swelling
cyanosis a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
dermatitis an inflammatory condition of the skin
discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) chronic disorder, primarily of the skin, characterized by lesions that are covered with scales (reddish facial "butterfly" rash)
frostbite damage to skin, tissues and blood vessels as a result of proloned exposure to cold
furuncle boil, localized skin infection originating in a gland or hair follicle
hypopigmentation unusual lack of skin color
ichthyosis skin that is dry and scaly, resembling fish skin
lipoma a benign tumor consisting of mature fat cells
malignant melanoma skin cancer, composed of melanocytes
mycodermatitis inflammation of skin caused by a fungus
necrosis death of areas of damaged or diseased tissue or bone surrounded by healthy tissue
onychomycosis fungal infection of the nail
pediculosis lice
petechiae tiny purple or red spots appearing on the skin as a result of tiny hemorrhages withing dermal or submucosal layers (hickey)
scabies a contagious dermatitis caused by the itch mite
scleroderma chronic hardening and thickening of the skin
uticaria a skin eruption characterized by wheals of varying shapes with pale centers (hives)
xerosis a minor irritation of the skin characterized by excessive dryness, which can lead to scaling, thinning and injury
Acne vulgaris acne, blackheads, whiteheads, pus-filled lesions
folliculitis inflammation of a hair follicle
hidradenitis inflammation of a sweat gland
seborrhea excessive production of sebum
trichosis any abnormal condition of hair growth (baldness or excessive growth in an unusual place)
bacteriostatic inhibiting the growth of bacteria
bactericidal killing bacteria
asepsis absence of germs
sepsis infection or contamination of germs
transdermal through the skin
antimicrobial medicine applied to broken skin to prevent infection
aspiration the act of withdrawing fluid from a cyst with a syringe
biopsy the removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination
cryosurgery use of subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue (wart removal)
curettage scraping of material from a surface to remove abnormal tissue
debridement removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue, especially from a wound
eletrolysis destruction of a substance by passing electrical current through it (hair removal)
dermabrasion sanding of skin
axillary pertaining to the armpit
Created by: MrsSlagter