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Chp. 9

Bedouins nomadic Arab people who lived in bands in the Arabian Peninsula's desert
Muhammad founder of Islam
hegira Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina
Islam religion founded by Muhammad; literally " to surrender"
Muslims followers of Islam
Qur'an sacred text of Islam, considered Allah's direct revelation
Five Pillars of Islam obligations required for all Muslims
mosque name for the building where Muslims worship
jihad word that can be translated as "struggle for the faith" or "holy war" an can also mean the struggle to defend the Muslim community or convert people of Islam
Abu Bakr successor to Muhammad as leader of Islam
caliphs title given to leaders of Islam after Muhammad, means "successors"
caliphate area ruled by a caliph
Umayyad a powerful clan from Mecca who struggle to regain control led to civil war
Sunnis Muslims who accepted the Umayyad caliph
Shia supporters of Muhammad's cousin Ali, who refused to accept the Umayyad caliph
Surfis a group within Islam that seeks a mystical, personal connection with God
Abbasid family that ruled Islam after the Umayyads lost control
Harun al-Rashid most prominent Abbasid caliph, helped Muslim culture reach greatness
Created by: emelygaleano