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Berk Enlightenment


John Locke English Philosopher who believed people are naturally good and begin life with a clean slate
Rousseau French philosopher who believed that people are naturally good and government's power should be limited by what the majority of the citizens want
Montesquieu French philosopher who believed in separation of power and a system of checks and balances - 3 branches of government (Legislative, executive and judicial)
Voltaire French philosopher who believed in the rights of the citizens-focused on freedom of speech and religion and separation of church and state
State of Nature living without any laws or government
Social Contract An agreement between the people and the government
Rationalism the belief that reason and experience must be present for the solution of problems
Age of Enlightenment time period in the 1700s during which many Europeans began to break away from tradition and rethink political and social norm
Natural Rights Rights belonging to all humans from birth
Separation of powers division of power among the branches of government
Checks and Balances a system that allows the three branches of government to limit and control each other
Civic Virtue A person's duty as a citizen
Enlightened having or showing a rational, modern, well-informed mind set
Philosophy The study of the fundamental nature o knowledge, reality and existence,
Popular Sovereignty the power of the government is controlled by the general will of the people
Created by: nberkeley