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Ch 18 vocab

TermDefinition
Heretic One who does not conform to establish doctrine
Armada A fleet of warships
Inflation A rapid increase in prices
National sovereignty The independence of a state combined with the right and power of regulating itself without foreign interference
Divine Rights of Kings The belief that the king gets his power from God and not from his subjects
Puritans English Protestants who believed that the Church of England needed further reform and sought to simplify and regulate forms of worship
Cavaliers Supporters of King Charles I in the English Civil War
Natural Rights Rights with which all humans are born, including the rights to life, liberty, and property
Absolutism A political system in which a ruler holds total power
Boyar A russian noble
Czar Russian for Caesar; the title used by Russian Emperors
Mannerism An artistic movement that emerged in Italy in the 1520s and 1530s; it marked the end of the Renaissance by breaking down the principles of balance, harmony, and moderation
Baroque An artistic style of the seventeenth century characterized by complex forms, contrasting elements,
Louis XIV Aka Louis the Great and the Sun King. Was a monarch of the house of Bourbon who reigned as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715
Charles I A monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1625 until his execution in 1649
Frederick the Great King of Prussia from 1740 until 1786, the longest of any Hohenzollern King.
Peter the Great Rules the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 1682 until his death
Oliver Cromwell English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland
Thirty Years' War 1618-1648
Elizabeth I of England Was queen of England and Ireland from 1558 until her death
Philip II of Spain King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland. Also Duke of Milan. From 1555 he was lord of the 17 provinces of the Netherlands
Thomas Hobbes An English philosopher who is considered one of the founders of modern political philosophy
John Locke An English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism"
El Greco Painter, Sculptor, and Architect of the Spainsh Renaissance
Shakespeare English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the worlds pre-eminent dramatist
Miguel de Cervantes Spanish writer who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the Spanish language
Created by: Wallaby