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Quick & Easy MT Ch 7

Quick & Easy MT Ch 7 The Circulatory System

homeostasis equilibrium of the internal environment of the body
pericardium a sac made up of a double membrane, encloses the heart
endocardium inside lining of the heart
myocardium muscular middle layer of the heart
angi/o vessel
vas/o vessel
vascul/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arter/o artery
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
ather/o yellow fatty plaque
phleb/o vein
ven/o vein
venul/o venule
cardiomyopathy primary disease of the heart muscle
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
endocarditis inflammation of the endocardium
pericarditis inflammation of the pericardium
endoscope instrument to view the inside of the body
angina pectoris severe chest pain
arrhythmia irregularity of the heartbeat
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
congenial heart defects abnormalities present in the heart at birth
Congestive Heart Failure weakness, breathlessness and edema in lower portions of the body; the work demanded of the heart is greater than its ability to perform
CHF Congestive Heart Failure - weakness, breathlessness and edema in lower portions of the body; the work demanded of the heart is greater than its ability to perform
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) abnormal condition that affects the heart's arteries (reduced flow of blood to the myocardium)
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) heart damage resulting from insufficient oxygen
fibrillation a severe cardiac arrhythmia - contractions are too rapid and uncoordinated for effective blood circulation
heart failure failure of the heart to pump the blood effectively and maintain adequate circulation of the blood
heart murmur soft blowing or rasping sound - heard with stethoscope
hyperlipidemia excessive lipids in the blood
hypertension elevated blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
infarction necrosis of a localized area of tissue caused by lack of blood supply
necrosis death of tissue
myocardial ischemia temporary deficiency of blood supply to the myocardium
shock serious condition in which blood flow to the heart is reduced to such an extent that body tissues do not receive enough blood (caused by hemorrhage, infection, drug reaction, injury, poisoning, MI, excessive emotional stress)
vasodilation increase in the diameter of a blood vessel
vasoconstriction decrease in the diameter of a blood vessel
angiomas blood vessel tumors (hemangioma) or lymph vessel tumors(lymphangioma)
aneurysm ballooning out of the wall of a vessel
pulse rhythmic expansion of the arteries
tachycardia increased pulse rate
bradycardia decreased pulse rate
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein associated with a blood clot
thrombosis blood clot in a vein
embolism sudden blocking of an artery or lymph vessel by foreign material
embolus foreign material causing a blockage in the blood vessel
Hemorrhoids masses of dilated varicose veins in the anal canal
adenoid/o adenoids
cervic/o neck
home/o sameness
lymphat/o lymphatics
splen/o spleen
thromb/o thrombus, blood clot
endoscopy procedure to view the inside of the body through the use of an endoscope
Created by: MrsSlagter