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Chapter 6

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity

1. What was the significance of the Twelve Tables? The significance of the Twelve Tables were that they held all of the hand written laws so the patricians can't change them.
2. How was Hannibal's attack on Rome daring and different? Hannibal's attack on Rome was daring and different because he took his army through the alps and he performed a surprise attack Rome.
3. What limits were the on the power of the Roman Consul? There were limits on ruling in ancient Rome. There were one-year term; ten-year terms hiatus between terms and consuls can veto each other.
4. Do you agree that Rome was a "balanced government"? No, I don't think that Rome was balanced. I don't think it was balanced because the patricians and plebeians did not have equal rights. The patricians were wealthy and the plebeians were slaves and poor.
5. How did Rome expand it's territory and maintain control over it? It expanded its territory through conquest and maintained control by just treatment of the conquered.
6. What factors contributed to the fall of the Roman Republic? The Roman Republic fell because of economic inequality, military upheaval, Cival war, and the rise of Caesar.
7. What were the main reasons for the Romans' success in controlling such a large empire? Rome had an efficient system of government, able rulers, and a strong military.
8. What measures did the government take to distract and control the masses of Rome? The government provided many free games and gladiator contests and organized many celebratory contests.
9. What was Augustus's greatest contribution to Roman society? Augustus's system of government, which kept the empire strong and stable.
10. What changes do you consider negative? Negatives - Increasing slavery and the gap between the rich and the poor Positive - Christianity Begins
11. What event do you think had the biggest impact? I think Jesus of Nazareth, Jesus' death, Paul's mission, and Constantine made the biggest impact.
12. Why do you think Roman leaders so opposed the rise of a new religion among their subjects? Roman leaders feared a new religion like Christianity would lead to rebellion.
13. Who did more to spread Christianity? Paul because he carried Jesus's message throughout the empire and he welcomed Gentiles.
14. What was the importance of Nicene Creed? It defined the Church's basic beliefs.
15. What did Jesus emphasize in his early teachings? God's personal relationship to each person; importance of people's love for God, their neighbors, their enemies, and themselves. God would offer eternal life to those who repented their sins.
16. What were the main internal causes of the empire's decline? The main internal causes were economic weakness, military instability, and citizens' indifference.
17. How did Diocletian Succeed in preserving the empire? He doubled military size, checked inflation, restored the emperor's prestige, and divided the empire into the east and west for more efficient rule.
18. Why did so many Germanic tribes begin invading the Roman Empire? They had to flee from the Huns invading their territory.
19. Why do you think the eastern half of the empire survived? It held the empire's centers of trade and wealth, and it's capital was well protected.
20. How do you think the splitting of the empire into two parts helped it survive for another 200 years? The wealthier half includes most of the great cities and trading centers; the smaller the area, the easier it was to defend.
21. Whats is Greco-Roman culture? The mixing of elements of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures.
22. In what way did Roman art differ from Greek art? The Greeks were known for beautiful but idealized sculpture; Roman sculptors created more realistic works.
23. Describe how the world might be different if Rome had not existed. The make-up of language, law, and government would be different in many western countries and Greek and Hellenistic culture might be lost.
24. Do you agree that Greece in essence conquered Rome? Greek influence can be seen in Roman culture, such as art, architecture, philosophy, and literature.
25. Which principle of law do you think has been Rome's greatest contribution to modern legal systems? Equal treatment before the law because it erases class differences; innocent until proven guilty because it protects from punishment without conviction.
Created by: reesem