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This study stack is made for a quiz on ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Mesopotamia "land between the rivers"
city states cities surrounded by smaller villages
Ziggurat shaped like a pyramid it housed the temple in the Sumerian civiliation
Cuneiform the writing invented by Sumerians
Caravans groups of traders
Pharoah an Egyptian ruler
What are the parts of civilization? complex cities, specialization of workers, complex social institutions, record keeping, advanced technology
Hammurabi's code it is a bunch of laws written on a huge block of stone
Sumerians lived in city states, leaders of the military were their rulers, built Ziggurats, invented cuneiform
Sargon I Ruled the Akkadian Kingdom, he repaired dikes and made irrigation systems longer
Hammurabi ruled the Babylonians during the "golden age", improved roads and helped develop trade
Why was the Nile River important? flood waters from the Nile were used for farming (to irrigate fields), silt from flooding helped farming too, traders and rulers traveled on the river
According to a story, how were upper and lower Egypt united? The god King Menes conquered lower Egypt and built the capital at the spot where upper and lower Egypt meet. He named it Memphis. This is the story but we don’t know if Menes was a real person.
What three things were Egyptian rulers? kings, priests and gods
What were pyramids? they were great tombs where the rulers were buried
Did the Egyptians believe in an afterlife? Yes
What body part did they keep in the body during mummification? And why? They kept the heart in the body but removed all the other organs. This is because they thought the heart was the center of intelligence and feeling. They believed it was necessary in the afterlife.
Created by: grovel