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chapter 4 test


Golden age of Athens 480-404 B.C.
Persian wars wars between Greece and Persia in 5th century B.C.
Hellenistic Culture when Greek culture spread throughout and influenced southwest Asia and the Eastern Mediterainean Reigons
Alexander the Great son and successor of Philip II; conquered Persia and advanced to borders of India
Solon "great reformer" wise and trusted leader of Athens appointed Archon, or chief official in 594 B.C.
Pericles an Athenian statesman
Aristotle ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, taught Alexander the Great
Darius III last king of the King of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia
Socrates an Athenian philosopher who taught that human beings could lead honest lives and that honor was far more important than wealth, fame, or other superficial atributes
Plato was a disciple of Socrates whose cornerstone of thought was his theory of forms in which there was another world of perfection
Acropolis a fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
Tyrant despot
Phalanx a compact or close-knit body of people, animals or thinga
salamis naval battle where the Greek forces defeated the Persians, shortly after the battle at thermopolye
Xerxes son of Darius; became persian king. He vowed revenge on the Athenians. He invaded Greece with 180,000 troops in 480 B.C.
Darius the great third king of the persian achaemenid Empire
Leonidas warrior king of the greek city-state of sparta
Delian leauge an alliance headed by Athens that says that all Greek city-states will come together and help fight the persians
Pheloponnesian league 6th-4th century B.C.
Monarchy a form of government with a monarch in head
Oligarchy a small group of people having control of a country, organizaton, or institution
Aristocracy the highest class in certain societies, especially those holding heredity titles or offices
Direct Democracy a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representitives
who was driven to Greece shortly before the golden age of Athens Persians
after conquering Greece, Alexander the Great conquering what three reigins in order? Persia, Egypt, Northern India
why do archeologists believe the trojan war actually happened? an archeologist found artifacts from the city
who wrote the republic? plato
which culture was not represented in the hellenistic culture? the Chinese
a _______ was a type of fighting military information for the Greeks playlanx
which pair were most alike in their political impact on Greece> slone and paraclies
why is it important that Alexander the Great was taught by Aristotle? he learned everything about Greece
what was an important feature of Athenian democracy under paraclies? it increased the number of paid public officials
the persons army that invaded greece in 480 B.C. and was defeated at sr. salabis was led by what leader? xerxes
which philosopher was condemed to death for corrupting the youth of Athens and neglecting the cities gods? Socrates
why did Alexander the Great refuse the peace settlement from Darius III quick victories make him want the entire empire
who won the pheloponnesian war? Spartans
which pair fought the pheloponnesian war? Athens and Sparta
which pair was not a reason why mesedonia conquered Greece? the Persians did not help them
during the pheloponnesian war over 1/3 of the Athenians died from what? a disease; the plague
which forms of government did heredity play no rule in selection of government Democracy and Alagrachy
what separated the different reigons withen Greece? Mountains
which did Athens and Sparta have in common? they were both city-states
which form of government was the earliest in Greece? Monarchy
Created by: blehhelp