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Mesopotamia Vocab

TermDefinition
civilization a society marked by developed arts, sciences, government, and social structure
Mesopotamia Greek for "land between the rivers"; Fertile Crescent, between Euphrates & Tigris
Fertile Crescent arc-shaped large area of rich, fertile farmland between Mediterranean Sea & Persian Gulf
irrigation way of supplying water to an area of land
silt mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
canals human-made waterways
surplus more than needed
division of labor arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job
archaeology digging up and studying artifacts in order to learn about the people of past civilizations
rural countryside areas
urban city
city-state city and countryside around it, with its own independent government
Gilgamesh king of Uruk who became legendary figure in Sumerian literature - first epic poem
empire land with different territories and peoples under a single rule
polytheism worship of many gods
priests people who perform religious ceremonies
social hierarchy division of society by rank or class
cuneiform world's first system of writing
pictographs picture symbols
scribe writer
epics long poems that tell the stories of heroes
architecture science of building
ziggurat pyramid-shaped temple tower
monarch ruler of a kingdom or empire
Hammurabi's Code set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life
chariot wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle
alphabet set of letters that can be combined to form words
Sargon world's first emperor
Created by: jfrederick