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WHWG 9 - Conquest

Tainos Natives in the west Indies that Columbus made contact with
Conquistadors Spanish Conquers
Malinche Indian women who served as Cortes interpreter
Tenochtitlan The Aztec capital which later became Mexico City
Aztec Great Indian empire from Mexico
Montezuma Aztec emperor who was defeated by Cortes
Quetzalcoatl The Aztec God King who long ago vowed to return from the East
Francisco Pizzaro Spanish Conquistador who conquered the Inca’s in Peru
Inca Great Indian empire in present day Peru
Atahualpa The Incan ruler in Peru
New Spain Most important Spanish province situated in Mexico
Council of the Indies Group appointed by the King of Spain to pass laws for Spanish provinces in America
Viceroys Representatives who ruled each Spanish province in the name of the King
Audiencias Lesser Spanish officials who helped the Viceroys rule
Plantations Large estates
Encomiendas The right of Spanish colonists to demand labor or tribute from the Native population
Bartolome De Las Casas Catholic priest who spoke out against the treatment of the natives
New Laws of the Indies 1542, ended the enslavement of the Native Americans in Spanish America
Peons Workers forced to labor for a landlord to pay off a debt
Peninsular People born in Spain
Criollos American born decedents of Spanish settlers
Mestizos People of mixed native American and European decent
Mulattoes People of African and European decent
Native American or Africans Lowest social class
Convents Catholic women’s home for education
New France Present day Newfoundland, Canada
Samuel De Champlain Built the first French settlement in Quebec
Middle Passage The voyage of slave ships from Africa to America. About half of the slaves died
Columbus Exchange The exchange of people animals. Plants, technology, and disease between Europe and Americas
Price Revolution The rise of prices in Europe during the global age
Inflation Rise in prices due to an increase in the amount of money available
Capitalism The investment of money to make a profit
Entrepreneurs Enterprising merchants who provided money that financed trade
Joint Stock Companies Private trading companies in which shares are sold to investors to finance business ventures
Mercantilism Policy by which a nation sought to export more than it imports in order to build up it’s supply of gold and silver
Created by: mrsddeal