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Ch 17 Vocab

Caravel A small,fast, manueverable ship that had a large cargo hold and usually three masts with lateen sails
Conquistadors A leader in the Spanish conquest of the Americas
Colony A settlement of people living in a new territory, linked with the parent country by trade and direct government control
Joint-Stock Company A business where stocks, a share of ownership in a company, are bought and owned by shareholders
Mercantilism A set of principles that dominated economic thought in the seventeenth century; it held that the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver
Subsidies Payments made to support enterprises a government think are beneficial
Plantations A large agricultural estate
Middle Passage The forced voyage of enslaved Africans across the Atlantic to the Americas
Peninsulares A person born on the Iberian Peninsula; typically a Spanish or Portuguese official who resided temporarily in Latin American for political and economic gain and then returned to Europe
Creole A person of European descent born in Latin America and living there permanently
Mestizo A person of mixed European and Native American descent
Mulatto A person of mixed African and European descent
Encomienda A system of labor the Spanish used in the Americas; Spanish landowners had the right, as granted by Queen Isabella, to use Native Americans as laborers
Mita A labor system that the Spanish administrators in Peru used to draft indigenous people to work
Christopher Columbus Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer funded by Spain
When did Columbus's Voyage start? 8/3/1492
When was the Treaty of Tordesillas signed? 6/7/1494
Vespucci An Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured
Vasco da Gama A Portuguese explorer and the first European to reach India by sea
Hernan Cortes A Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire
Pizarro A Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire. He captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa and claimed the lands for Spain
Kublai Khan The fifth Khagan of the Mongol Empire, reigning from 1260 to 1294. He also founded the Yuan dynasty in China as a conquest dynasty in 1271 and ruled as the first Yuan emperor until his death in 1294
Prince Henry the Navigator The main initiator of the Age of Discoveries
Bartholomeu Dias A Portuguese explorer who sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488, reaching the Indian Ocean from the Atlantic. He was the first European to do so
Magellan A Portuguese explorer who organized the Spanish expedition to the East Indies from 1519 to 1522, resulting in the first circumnavigation of the Earth, completed by Juan Sebastian Elcano
Montezuma II The ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520
What year did the Qing Dynasty start? 1644
Juana Ines de la Cruz A self-taught scholar philosopher and poet of the Baroque School and Itieronymite nun of New Spain, known in her lifetime as "The Tenth Muse", "The Phoenix of Ameica", or the "Mexican Phoenix"
Created by: Wallaby