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Chapter 33

Responding to Medical Office Emergency

QuestionAnswer
Embolus air bubble, foreign body, or detached blood clot that makes its way from one part of the body (usually the heart) to the vessels within the brain
Diaphoresis profuse sweating
Syncope brief episode of unconsciousness or fainting
Thrombus Blood clot
Heat Stroke occurs when the body is either unable to cool itself down due to dehydration, physiological conditions, or a progression of heat exhaustion factors that go untreated; may lead to death if untreated
Heat Exhaustion condition in which a victim becomes over-heated, causing the victim to sweat and lose large volumes of water and salts
Ischemia temporary lack of blood flow to an organ such as the heart
Abrasion superficial scrape that may be very painful
Acute Abdomen sudden or abrupt onset of intense abdominal pain
Anaphylaxis Severe allergic reaction to an allergen usually in the form of food, medication, a chemical, or an insect sting or bite
Algorithm outlines a detailed sequence of actions to perform in order to accomplish a task; also referred to as a flowsheet
Asthma Chronic lung disease which cause the bronchial tubes to constrict and block the flow of air to and from the lungs
AED (Automated External Defibrillator) Automated unit that defibrillates the heart; defibrillator that is completely automated and easy to use; designed to shock the heart into a normal rhythm during periods of ventricular fibrillation
CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) A procedure to restore heart and lungs
CVA (Cerebrovascular Accident) Another term for stroke or brain attack, referring to a blockage or bleeding within the blood vessels of the brain
Diabetic ketoacidosis a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones, and develops when the body is unable to produce enough insulin
Concussion Injury in which the brain is jarred
Crash Cart cart that stocks all of the medications and supplies used in an emergency
Defibrillator procedure in which drugs or electrical shock is used to restore normal contractions
Diabetic Coma Life-threatening condition in which patient's blood sugar is dangerously high
Myocardial Infarction Another term for heart attack
Frosbite Local injury of skin due to freezing or subfreezing condition
Hypothermia A condition that occurs when body temperature falls below 95 degree F (35 degree C)
TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack) Another term for mini stroke
Orthostatic hypotension Blood pressure that drops upon standing
Triage Process in which patient's symptoms are ranked in terms of importance or priority
Ventricular Fibrillation Occurs when the ventricles of the heart beats in a disorganized, rapid manner; one of the most common rhythms that occurs in adjust victims of sudden cardia arrest
Seizure Sudden attack that result from a malfunction of the brain; the two types are petite mal and grand mal
Traumatic Brain Injruy Injury to the brain caused by trauma
Insulin Shock Life-threatening condition in which the patient's blood sugar drops to a dangerously low level, causing the patient to go into shock
Shock A potentially fatal condition that can be brought on by disease, injury, decrease in circulation, and/or fluid loss
Hemorrhaging Uncontrollable bleeding
Heat Cramp Cramping that occurs from a combination of factors, including elevated temperature, loss of fluids, and a loss of salt from the body; usually confined to the abdomen and legs
R.I.C.E rest, ice, compression, elevation
M.I.C.E movement, ice, compression, elevation
Medical Assistants Role Vary from one office to another; formal first aid and CPR training, Ability to AED
Diabetic Shock Symptoms confused and disoriented, headache, skin is pale, cool, and clammy, pulse is full and pounding, low blood sugar
Diabetic Coma Symptoms Gradual on set, Drowsiness, Thirst intense, Fruity odor from the mouth, High Blood Sugar
Bleeding Symptoms for Artery bright red color, hard to control, blood spurts, may cause great blood loss
Bleeding Symptoms for Capillary Easy to control, Dark Red Blood, Blood gently oozes, Is not life-threatening
Bleeding Symptoms for Veins Dark red blood, Steady flow of blood, may cause great blood loss
Victim has pacemaker; AED electrode pads should be placed 1 inch from pace maker
Created by: crisz