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CHCS~World History

2017~7th grade~ Chapter 4

Song dynasty they dynasty that began
Shang dynasty began their dynasty in 1500 BC (around the time Moses was commanded to lead Israel out of Egyptian captivity
Song/Northern Song dynasty began in 1000 BC they experienced strong economic growth they fell during the invading of the Mongols
Technology putting knowledge into effective use (concept or technique)
What 6 things did the Chinese invent? paper, compass, saltpeter, gun powder, printing, cast iron
paper was developed by the Chinese as early as before the birth of Christ
compass concept was developed by the Chinese and they used it to align buildings
salt peter one of the ingredients
gunpowder before they invented guns they used it for medicine
ancestor worship the traditional religion in China that practiced burning incense to their ancestors
confusiamism the teaching of ethical behavior within different human relationships
buddhism based of of suffering
Taoism the religion invented by Lou-tzu that taut peace and harmony
Fuedualism a system whereby European land were subdivided from king to nobles then to serfs in exchange for loyalty and allegience
shogun the title Yoritomo took "great ruler"
samurai Japanese warrior who were trained from birth to fight
Bushido "the way of the warrior" an unwritten military code which displayed traits such as loyalty honor duty and courage
kara-kiri method of suicide included in the Bushido
Shintoism a Japanese religion that taught nature worship, the deity of the emperor
Zen Buddhism a version of Buddhism that teaches intense mental concentration and self control
Angkor Wat in Khmer they built buildings
yurts movable houses used by the Mongols
Chiggis Khan Temujin's title "great ruler"
Great Yasa Chiggis Khan's law which dealt with every area of life and the sentence was death for all
siege warfare one of the Mongol method of conquering in which soldiers fired arrows and flaming objects into the city and stopped food from entering the city and fired Chinese rockets to scare the town
pretend retreat another of the mongol methods of conquering in which they pretend to be defeated and leave the town and when the people come out of hiding the Mongols jump out from hiding and attack
kamikaze "divine wind" the storm that sank the Mongol fleet and proved the Japanese to be invisible
Bantu Khan the grandson of Chiggis Khan who led the Mongols into Europe
Tartar the Mongols name in Europe
Battle of Liegnitz The combined forces of the Poles, Czechs, and Germans tried to defeat the Mongols
Golden Horde a mongol empire based in western Asia and founded by Batu Khan
Tengri "the great god of heaven" the monglos belived in a god named this who ruled over the spirtis
shamans the mongols believed that certain men who had power over the spirits
Ming "brilliant" After the Chinese defeated the Mongols this dynasty was established
Tamerlane the Mongol leader whose empire extended from Turkey to India
Mughal the small empire in India
Akbar the most famous Munghal ruler who extended the empire of India
Taj Mahal the Mughals built some of the best architecture including this one
Why were merchants prevented from serving in the government in China? they were mobile and wealthy and the traits seemed to be dangerous
Why did Japan descend into fuedualism? the Fujiwara rulers were tired of the people getting there way
What impact did the invention of the compass from lodestone have on China? the could align buildings and find directions
Explain the irony of the Chinese discovery of gunpowder in their quest for eternal life the discovered it by accident and later invented guns
Why was cast iron a great improvement over pure iron? it gave much wealth to the Chinese
Why were the Japanese warriors trained in history, literature, and writing? they needed to appreciate culture they were fighting to protect and to understand how previous wars were won or lost
how did the rise of the warrior class in Japan affect Japanese culture? warriors became the leaders of Japanese society
How did silk shirts minimize the damage to a Mongol soldier from an arrow strike? prevent deep wounds by its flexiblity
Created by: pigsrule150