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6th SS - Chapter 2

Chapter 2: The Fertile Crescent

Fertile Crescent lush green area through which the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flow
Mesopotamia "Land between two rivers"
silt loose soil carried by water
levees wall that keeps a river within its banks
irrigation system of canals that bring water to crops and fields
droughts long periods without rain
erosion the wearing away of soil by wind or water
Sumer city in southern Mesopotamia
cuneiform a system of writing that used wedge-shaped symbols to represent sounds, ideas, and objects
scribe official writer
city-state a self-governing city that also governs nearby villages
ziggurat tall, flattened pyramid that was the center of most Sumerian cities where Sumerians practiced their religion
polytheism belief in many gods and goddesses
empire a group of lands and people ruled by one government
Ashur later known as Assyria, was a large kingdom to the north of Sumer
King Hammurabi king who united the city-states of Sumer and wrote the Code of Hammurabi
code of law written collection of laws that apply to the people ruled by one governemnt
Code of Hammurabi code of law that King Hammurabi wrote that unified his empire
aqueduct raised waterway
Judiaism the religion of the Jewish people
Abraham the man chosen by God to create a covenant with; Father of Faith
Canaan area known as the Promise Land
covenant special agreement with God
Moses the man chosen by God to lead His people of out slavery in Egypt
prophet person who speaks for God
Mount Sinai mountain on which God gave Moses the 10 Commandments
Torah another name for the Hebrew Bible; means "to teach"
monotheism belief in only one God
Ten Commandments core of the Jewish religion and teachings; given to Moses on Mt. Sinai
King David chosen king of Israel; wrote the Psalms; made Jerusalem the capital of Israel
King Solomon son of Kind David who built the Great Temple in Jerusalem
Israelites name of the Chosen People of God
dispora scattering Jews away from their homeland
Created by: MissMisiak