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GSE-Unit 3 Vocab #2

GSE-Unit 3 Vocabulary Review #2

TermDefinition
Allies the victorious alliance of nations (Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union , the United States) in World War II
anti-Semitism racial bias or prejudice against Jews
Axis the defeated alliance (Germany, Japan and Italy) of nations in World War II
concentration camp general term for a Nazi-controlled detention center(examples: Auschwitz-Birkenau,Bergen-Belsen,Buchenwald.Dachau)where Jews, et al were detained, used as forced labor, and exterminated
ghetto a cordoned off area of city where Jews were isolated from the rest of the German population (example: Warsaw,Poland)
Hitler, Adolf chancellor of Germany and leader (dictator) of the Nazi regime during World War II
Holocaust the Nazi internment, forced labor, and extermination of nearly 11 million people during World War II, an estimated 6 million of whom were Jews
propaganda information, usually misleading or biased, designed to promote a particular political ideology
World War II (WWII) a global conflict occurring between 1939 and 1945
Cold War a state of political hostility between countries without an outright declaration of war (example: what existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990)
Berlin the capital of Germany which was divided during the Cold War between the communist eastern side from the democratic western side (by the a 91-mile wall surrounding West Berlin from 1961 through 1989) from 1945 to 1989
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) the official name of West Germany during the Cold War (supported by US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1989)
German Democratic Republic (GDR) the official name of East Germany during the Cold War (supported by the Soviet Union from 1945 to 1989)
Communist Bloc communist states of Central and Eastern Europe during the Cold War (AKA-the Warsaw Pact)
iron curtain a term coined by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill describing the sociopolitical and ideological divide between the democratic West and communist East (especially the Soviet Union)in Europe during the Cold War.
Berlin Wall a 91-mile wall surrounding West Berlin from 1961 through 1989 ( separating the communist eastern side from the democratic western side)
German reunification the reintegration of West and East Germany into a single nation in 1990
Created by: jpkelley