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Chapter Three

TermDefinition
Delta A triangular region formed at the mouth of a river be deposits of silt.
Cataracts Rocky stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls.
Menes (fl. 3100 BC) First Pharaoh of Egypt; he is credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt and is said to have founded the city of Memphis, the capital of unified Egypt.
Pharaoh Ruler of ancient Egypt
Theocracy A government ruled by religious leaders who claim God's authority.
Bureaucracy A highly structured organization, often governmental, managed by officials.
Hatshepsut Queen of ancient Egypt; she took the throne in place of her stepson, Thutmose |||, and during her reign, focused on temple-building projects and trade.
Ramses the || (Great) Pharaoh of Egypt; he led an army against the Hittite invaders of Egypt. He ruled Egypt with extravagance and built more temples and monuments than any other Egyptian pharaoh.
Obelisks Tall, thin pillars with pyramid-shaped tops.
Mummification The process of preserving the body with chemicals after death.
Hieroglyphics A form of ancient writing in which picture symbols represent sounds.
Papyrus A paper-like material made by ancient Egyptians by the stem of the reedy papyrus plant, which grows in the Nile river delta.
Rosetta Stone A granite stone found in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics, demotic characters, and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Piankhi ( 751 - 716 BC) King of ancient Kush; he led the Kushites north into Egypt, conquering all of Egypt and making himself Pharaoh.
Smelt To melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components.
Created by: annaperrell