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Sacraments - Ch. 3

The Sacrament of Baptism

Sacraments of Christian Initiation Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist
catechumens Unbaptized people who are preparing to receive all of the Sacraments of Christian Initiation
pompa diaboli Literally "the extravagent self-absorption of the Devil" characterized in the prevalent culture we live in today and its apparent promises of joy, abundance, and happiness
catechumenate A Greek word that means "study or instruction." In the early Church, this was a two- or three-year period of study about Jesus and the Christian faith.
catechists Teachers of faith. They are ordained ministers and laypeople who help make Christian disciples.
scrutinies Prayer services in which the Church prays for and over the elect. The prayers ask God to forgive the elected people's sins and to strengthen them with grace.
Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults (RCIA) The process by which anyone of catechetical age is initiated into the Catholic Church.
Original Sin The fallen state of human nature into which all generations of people are born. Christ Jesus came to save us from this.
Rite of Baptism for Children The process by which infants are initiated into the Church and after which catechesis takes place gradually as the person grows.
Baptism of blood The belief that people who die for their faith in Jesus receive forgiveness for their sins and experience God's saving mercy if they had not yet been baptized by water.
martyrs Greek word meaning "witnesses"; people who have been killed because of their faith.
Baptism of desire The belief that catechumens who die before receiving the Sacrament of Baptism receive forgiveness for their sins and experience God's saving mercy.
baptistery A separately planned structure around the Baptismal font.
Sacred Chrism Blessed by a bishop, this perfumed oil is used for anointing in the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders. It represents the gift of the Holy Spirit.
exorcisms Prayerful rites in preparation for Baptism that invoke God's help in overcoming the power of Satan and the spirit of evil.
Oil of Catechumens Olive oil or another plant oil that is blessed by a bishop at the Chrism Mass used to anoint unbaptized people who are preparing to receive all of the Sacraments of Christian Initiation, giving them wisdom and strength in their journey toward Baptism.
original holiness and justice The state of man and woman before sin.
Gifts of the Holy Spirit Outpourings of God's gifts to help us live a Christian life. The traditional seven are wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and wonder and awe of the Lord.
moral virtues Good habits acquired through human effort and with the help of God's grace.
Precepts of the Church Basic rules that bind Catholics who belong to Christ's Body.
sacramental A sacred sign (for example, objects, places, and actions) that resemble the sacraments. Through the prayers of the Church, spiritual effects are signified and obtained.
Created by: echowsj



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