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Chapter 15and16 Voc

Mercenary Soldiers who fought primarily for money
Burgher A member of the middle class who lived in a city or town
Republic A form of government in which the leader is not a king and certain citizens have the right to vote
Humanism An intellectual movements of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral, philosophy, and history
Fresco Painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water based paints
Vernacular The language of every day speech in a particular region
Perspective Artistic techniques used to give the effect of three-dimensional depth to two-dimensional surfaces
Christian Humanism A movement that developed in northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning and individualism with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church
Salvation the state of being saved those going to heaven through faith alone or through faith and good works
Indulgence a release from all or part of punishment for sin by the Catholic Church reducing time in purgatory after death
Lutheranism The religious doctrine that Martin Luther developed it different from Catholicism in the doctrine of salvation which Luther believes could be achieved by faith not by good works Lutheranism was the first Protestant faith
Justification process of being justified or deemed worthy of salvation by God
Predestination believe that God has determined that the elect and who will be damned reprobate
Annul Declare invalid
ghetto formally a district in the city in which Jews were required to live
Cosimo Medici took control of Florence in 1434
Lorenzo Medici Dominating Florence when it was the cultural center of Italy
Machiavelli wrote the princes rejected moral principles and politics
Dante Alighieri Helped to make vernacular literature popular wrote the Divine comedy
Francesco Petrach The Italian Renaissance humanism look for the forgotten Latin manuscripts
Johannes Gutenberg Invented the typewriter
Gutenberg Bible (date) published in 1455
high Renaissance (date) 1490s-1527
Leonardo da Vinci was the model Renaissance man he was an artist artist inventor and visionary
Michelangelo was a painter sculptor and architect
Erasmus The best-known Christian humanist
Martin Luther a monk in the Catholic Church and a professor at the University of Wittenberg
95 theses (date) October 31 1517
Charles V the Emperor that sentenced Martin Luther to death
the peasants war (date) June 1524
peace of Augsburg 1555
John Calvin founder of Calvinism
Henry VIII made divorce legal
council of Trent (date) March 1545
Created by: Wallaby