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Unit 1 Religion Term

Emile Durkheim French sociologist that proposed the functional explanation for religion. Says humans need societal structures and religion is the glue for society
Karl Marx Socialist philosopher that influenced the materialistic explanation for religion-started as a way to improve society for the oppressed, but became failed and became both a longing for a better life and a way to oppress people and pardon the higher class.
immanent Present in the visible world
theistic Believing in a deity or deities
polytheistic Believing that they are many deities
incarnation Physical embodiment of the divine
agnosticism Belief that if there is anything beyond this life it is impossible for humans to know it
symbol Visible representation of an invisible reality or concept
cosmogony Models of the origin of the universe (creation stories)
sacred The Realm of the extraordinary, beyond everyday perceptions, the supernatural, holy
Sigmund Freud Psychoanalyst that proposes religion is based in our loving and fearful relationships with our parents
Mircea Eliade Helped develop the field of comparative religion - finding common patterns in various religions
profane Wordly, secular, as opposed to sacred
transcendent Spiritual reality that exists apart from the material universe
monotheistic Believing that there is only one deity
monistic Believing that there is one deity that is interpreted in several ways (One god with many faces)
atheism Belief that there is no deity
worship The ways members of a religion express their reverence or attempt to commune with that religion's deities or sacred
myth A symbolic story expressing ideas about reality or spiritual history
phenomenology Studying a religion while setting aside your own beliefs and values to get an objective conclusion
reductionism Explaining a religion as simply psychological, political or sociological phenomenon
Erich Fromm Psychoanalyst that proposed religion is a stable frame of reference for humans
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