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World History Test 1

TermDefinition
Pleistocene 3 to 5 million years ago
pleistocene great ice age
pleistocene final ice age
pleistocene humans tried to move from african climate to europe and asia but didn't full succeed
paleolithic 1 and half million years ago
paleolithic people could make and use stone tools
paleolithic found earliest in africa
paleolithic oldowan choppers
australopithecines ancestral forms of humans
australopithecines stood up right had teeth hands free
australopithecines found in Southern Africa
australopithecines called southern african ape
homoerectus erectus southeast
homoerectus erectus first skulls found in asia 1920s
homoerectus erectus peking man
homoerectus erectus 5ft tall full up right
homoerectus erectus brain size almost up to ours
homoerectus erectus made stone tools
homoerectus erectus used fire first
homoerectus erectus first evidence of canabalism
homoerectus erectus when weather got rough had to move back to tropics
mamdentalensis homo sapiens Neanderthal man
mamdentalensis homo sapiens massive build
mamdentalensis homo sapiens 200 to 250 years ago
mamdentalensis homo sapiens disappeared 30 thousand years ago
mamdentalensis homo sapiens Lived in Europe
mamdentalensis homo sapiens 2nd one to use fire
mamdentalensis homo sapiens Made great tool
mamdentalensis homo sapiens First burial and spiritual belief
mamdentalensis homo sapiens 2nd evidence of canabalism
Cro Magnon man Modern Men
Cro Magnon man 40 to 50 thousand years ago
Cro Magnon man lived in europe atlas 10,000 years ago
Cro Magnon man lived side by side Neanderthals
Cro Magnon man smarter and make better tools
Cro Magnon man could explore environment more efficiently
Cro Magnon man Neanderthals soon died out because their genes dominated
Cro Magnon man left great cave paintings
Cro Magnon man used nets and baskets by plants
Mesolithic 10,000 B.C - 5,000 B.C
Mesolithic sea levels started to rise
Mesolithic large animals of the plasticine were dying out
Mesolithic people became more dependent on plants
Mesolithic led to domestication of plants
Mesolithic middle east tigress euphrates valley
Cultivated encouraging growth
Domesticated human intervention
Mesolithic Middle Stone Age
Paleolithic Old Stone Age
Mexico corn was the main crop
Mexico pineapple chilly peppers beans and other fruits
Northwestern South America Had to domesticate several plants such as potatoes and peanuts
Northern Central China large animals became extinct which caused them to depend on plants such as rice kikoi and fruit
Southeast Asia sugar kane, coconuts, bananas
Africa watermelon, okra, sorghum
Middle East goats and cattle
Asia water buffalo
Southeast Asia chickens
Asia horses
Neolithic 5000-3000 B.C.
Neolithic started earlier in someplace and ended in other places
Neolithic still using stone tools
Neolithic evolution of first city parts of the world where agriculture appeared
Neolithic evidence that religion started to become of main importance
Neolithic agriculture and plants are how people are still surviving
Neolithic farmers started to depend more on religion because of floods
Neolithic spiritual world controls rain and elements
Neolithic the priest was of the highest power due to the fact that they could communicate with the gods
Neolithic digging sticks were the newest source of technology
Fertile Crescent valleys of tigress-euphrates has the nile in it
Fertile Crescent where the first cities where
Fertile Crescent farmers moved here in 450 B.C.
Fertile Crescent Southern portion Babylonia
Fertile Crescent Northern portion Akkad
Sumer First civilization in Babylonia
Copper starts to replace stone tools
Copper hammer made implements out of it
Fertile Crescent wheel was made and used
Fertile Crescent horses, oxes, animals were used with wagons
Fertile Crescent learned how to harvest the power of energy with wind
Fertile Crescent people started to build sail boats
Fertile Crescent irrigation started to be used
Fertile Crescent social conflicts started to happen
Fertile Crescent needed authority so religious leader took charge
Fertile Crescent evolving into the place of kings and priest
Northern proportion Semitic people were called the akkadians
Southern proportion summerians where located here
Southern proportion had numbers of cities
Southern proportion grew along the river
Southern proportion river source of communication
Southern proportion some separated by wild tribes
Southern proportion where attempts to unify but where resisted
Southern proportion clay tablets where made here
Protolitenate 1st period of summerians history
2800 B.C. When writing appeared
accounting was the reason people created writing
who used clay tablets
end of period signs would replace with sound
their writing is called cuneiform
Zeggurat temples every city had one
Southern proportion professional priest was in charge of temple and ceremonies
Sumerians Had four categories of people
Nobility king of city State and his family, top priest, high palace officials and their families
Free Clients worked on land of nobility, but had own small spots where they raised food
Commoners free citizens, owned land but had almost no power
Slaves war captives, debtors, had some rights could take and could buy their own freedom
Old Sumerian Period 2800-2200 B.C.
Old Sumerian Period akkadians settled north
Old Sumerian Period Sargon I king concurred sumers
Old Sumerian Period adopted a lot from Sumerian culture
Old Sumerian Period established a empire that reached Mediterranean speeded ideas and customs
Babylonia Hammurabi (ruler)
Babylonia idea that all Gods got together and voted the Babylonian God as king
Babylonia he codified the laws
Babylonia laws influenced people's laws later Arab, Hebrew, and etc
Babylonia provided laws for different social statuses
Babylonia the law demanded punishment that fit the crime
Babylonia adopted a lot from the sumerican culture
Babylonia established empire as far as sierra and Egypt
Babylonian Achievement developed writing and education system
Babylonian Achievement schools for training scribes
Babylonian Achievement discipline was strict
Babylonian Achievement originated astrology
Course of Civilization in Egypt population began to increase
Course of Civilization in Egypt kingdoms became lower and upper
Navmer (menes) united egypt together was the kind of upper egypt
Course of Civilization in Egypt capital was memphis
Old Kingdom of Egypt 2700-2200 B.C.
Old Kingdom of Egypt pharaoh became focal point of all life in egyot
Old Kingdom of Egypt pharaoh was considered a god
Old Kingdom of Egypt created magnificent tombs and palaces for him
Old Kingdom of Egypt developed elaborate mummification
Old Kingdom of Egypt famous pyramids date from this time
Middle Kingdom of Egypt 2050- 1800 B.C
Middle Kingdom of Egypt pharos of 11th and 12 th dynasty reunited Egypt
Middle Kingdom of Egypt ruled city of thebes
Middle Kingdom of Egypt Golden Age of Egypt
Middle Kingdom of Egypt Civil War again invaded by Hykoxos
Middle Kingdom of Egypt conquered nile delta
Middle Kingdom of Egypt made all of egypt subjected to them
Middle Kingdom of Egypt introduced new ideas bronze tools, weapons, and also used rose drawn chariots in war
New Kingdom of Egypt 1570-1090 B.C
New Kingdom of Egypt Egyptians rose up and used enemies weapons against them
Thutmos III 1490-1436 B.C
Thutmos III expanded the Egyptian empire greatly
Amonhotep III empire reached higher point with this person egypt
Amonhotep III 1398-1361 B.C.
Amonhotep 4th unusual he looked deformed
Amonhotep 4th his wife ruled right along side of him
Amonhotep 4th introduced monotheism to Egypt which was why the Egyptians hated him
Nephertiti ruled along side her husband of Egypt
Tutankhamen (King Tut) 1352-1344 B.C.
Tutankhamen (King Tut) Only reason he was truly famous was because his tomb was the only tomb that had not been raided
Tutankhamen (King Tut) was only a boy when he became King
Tutankhamen (King Tut) died in late teen or early 20s
Hittites lived in Turkey King Tuts wife wrote a letter to them
Rameses II 1289-1224 B.C
Rameses II stopped the Hittites from invading which was the Battle of Kadesh
Rameses II he wanted to be remembered
Rameses II after his death the period declined which led to Egypt being ruled by outsiders
accomplishments of Egypt women enjoyed high status
accomplishments of Egypt malrilimeal inheritance through female line
accomplishments of Egypt trading through out eastern med
accomplishments of Egypt land and water trade routes
accomplishments of Egypt medical texts were wrote
accomplishments of Egypt human anatomy was advance
accomplishments of Egypt invented first known solar calendar
accomplishments of Egypt architecture
accomplishments of Egypt a system of writing Hyroglhic before 3100 B.C
hittites left us our first written endoeurpean language
hittites invaded the Egyptian empire
Phoenicians lived along eastern coast of med
Phoenicians 1100 B.C.
Phoenicians sea faring people
Phoenicians popular in trade especially water
Phoenicians some cities still exist
Phoenicians credited with perfecting the alphabet
Hebrews made outstanding contributions to religion
Hebrews gave raise to 3 famous religions
Hebrews semiotic people lang related to arabic
Hebrews abraham originated Ur which was a sumerian city
Hebrews 1700 B.c. decedents went to England
Hebrews they were enslaved
Hebrews were ruled by judges
Saul King of Hebrews
Saul 1020-1080 B.C.
David 1000-961 B.C
David began to expand the territory
Soloman 961-922 B.C.
Soloman had a huge number of wives and concubines
Soloman creates extent of this empire after david
Assyrains 9th century B.C.
Assyrains by 721 dominated the cresant
Assyrains capital was Nineveh
Assyrains were so hated that people tried to get ride of their memory
Tells were archeological feature composed of settlements on top of settlements
Assyrains cut heads off of others and piled them up
Assyrains or empaled them and put the sticks in the ground
Assyrains 612 B.C. this empire was destroyed
course of civilization in India first civilization appears in the Indus Valley
course of civilization in India appeared 2300 B.C
Mohenjo Daro principle city
Harappa principle city
course of civilization in India had cereal crops
course of civilization in India experts in metals and textiles
course of civilization in India wide spread trade
Aryan People 1500 B.C. invaded much of Northern India
Aryan People had foreboded Marriage with natives
Aryan People origin of castle system
Aryan People rigid social system which means you can't movie out of the social system
Ayran People sanskrit
Hinduism polytheistic religion
Created by: esenkbeil