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World History

World History Renaissance Test

QuestionAnswer
What 4 areas were affected by the Renaissance? Political, Social, Economic, and Cultural
Why did Europeans feel a rebirth was needed to begin the Renaissance? there was disorder and disunity of the medeival period
In what 3 ways did the Renaissance differ from the Middle Ages? 1)placed greater emphasis on classical learning 2) new emphasis on individualism 3) supported system of adventure and exploration
Name 4 reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy? 1)Italy had been the center of ancient Roman culture which helped spark this period 2) Italian cities survived the middle ages and became centers of trade and manufacturing 3)wealthy merchants in Italian cities promoted the Renaissance 4) the Italian city
What are worldly objects? grammar, poetry, history, art
How were humanist concerns depicted in art? paintings of people and ideas instead of just religious symbols
Why did the Renaissance begin 100 years late in Northern Europe? they were slow in recovering from the Black Death
Why did Northern Humanist believe classical learning was important? it would bring about religious and moral reform
What was Sir Thomas More's book Utopia about? an ideal society where men and women live in peace and harmony
What are 2 things that William Shakespeare is noted for? 1) wrote 37 plays 2) enriched the English language with 1,700 new words
Who learned to make paper first? the Chinese
Name 3 ways the printing press impacted the Renaissance? 1) books became more available 2) more people learned to read and write 3) allowed ideas of religious reformers to spread
What were 3 things happening in the Catholic Church that began to upset people leading to the Reformation? 1) spent money on art and sculptures 2) church increased fees for religious services like marriages and baptisms 3) clergy began to sell indulgences
Where did Luther post his 95 Thesis? on the church door in Wittenburg
What did the Catholic Church want Luther to do after he posted his 95 Thesis? they wanted Luther to give up his views
What aided Martin Luther's ideas spreading across Europe? the printing press
List four teachings of Martin Luther? 1) salvation achieved through faith alone 2) good deeds were not necessary 3) the Bible is the sole source of religious truth 4) priests and church leaders had no special powers
Name 3 reasons Lutherism won widespread support? 1) a clergy saw Luther's reforms as an answer to corruption in the Roman Catholic Church 2) German Prince's saw it as a way to weaken the rule of the Roman Catholic Church 3) some wanted to seize church property
What happened to cause England to leave the Roman Catholic Church? King Henry wanted to divorce his wife but the church wouldn't let him so he left the church
Why did Henry VIII want an annulment? Henry VIII wanted to remarry so he could have a son to succeed him
Why did Queen Mary Tudor put her sister Elizabeth in prison? Elizabeth was popular and she thought Elizabeth was trying to remove her
Name 2 things Elizabeth did to reform religion when she became Queen? 1) replaced Latin with English language in the churches 2) brought back ritual to the service 3) kept England free of religious wars
Why were people thought to be witches executed? Witches were considered agents of the devil
What was the Scientific Method? new approach to science using complex mathematical caculations to convert observations and experiments into scientific laws
Name 3 advances in medicine during the scientific revolution? 1) first accurate detailed study of human anatomy 2) new ointments for preventing infection 3) understanding of the heart and circulation of blood
How did Isaac Newton explain the workings of the Universe? said nature followed uniform laws and gravity controlled the movement of the planets
Created by: VickieJ10