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World History test

Comitatus In the Germanic system, the relationship between a leader and his warriors or a king and his lord.
compensation payment for crime committed. it was given to the victim's family by the offender, also known as wergild.
nomad a person or tribe that moves from place to place, usually to find food or pasture for cattle
Witan Council of a Germanic king
caliph Title of Muslim religious and political leader
infidel A term of contempt applied to a person who does not accept a particular religion
Shi'ites A member of the Shiah sect of the Muslim religion
Sunnites A member of the orthodox sect of the Muslim religion. Also Sunnis
synods Assemblies called to discuss and to decide church affairs
apprentice In the Middle Ages, a young person who learned a trade or an art from a master. He usually lived with master while he learned.
bailiff In the Middle Ages, a man who collected rents, oversaw workers for the lord of the manor.
bourgeoisie Middle class. From the French word for town dwellers.
burgher Citizen of a burgh or town.
demesne Manorial land held by the lord, attached to the manor house, and not held by serfs or freeman.
epic Long narrative poem telling of heroic deeds and adventures. Often expresses the ideals of a nation. Example: Beowulf.
feudalism A social, economic, and political system in the Middle Ages in which vassals gave military service in return for land and protection from a lord.
fief In feudal society the land held from a lord in return for service.
freeman In the Middle Ages, a peasant who could leave the manor.
Gothic Style of architecture developed in the High Middle Ages. Used pointed arches, flying buttresses, high steep roofs, and many stained-glass windows.
guild A union of merchants from the same town, or of artisans from the same craft.
investiture Ceremony in which the vassal declares his loyalty to his lord and receives his fief.
journeyman Workman or craftsman who has served his apprenticeship, is licensed to work, but is not yet a master or employer.
knight In the Middle Ages, either a nobleman who possessed armor and was trained to use it or the lowest ranking person in the feudal system.
manorialism A social and economic system in the Middle Ages.
minstrel In the Middle Ages, one who entertained in the lord's household, or traveled about singing songs or reciting poems.
page In the Middle Ages, the first step to knighthood taken when the son of a noble reached the age of seven.
polyphony In the Middle Ages, a new development of music that had two or more separate melodies interwoven.
reeve In the manorial system, the man who worked with the bailiff and represented the peasants.
Romanesque Early medieval style of architecture using rounded arches and vaults.
serf In feudal society, a peasant bound to the manor who could not leave without permission.
squire In the Middle Ages, the training period for future knights.
steward In the manorial system. Overseer of the manor in the lords absence. Presided over manorial court.
subinfeudation In the feudal system, the granting of a fief by a noble to a lesser noble.
troubadour In the Middle Ages, knightly lyric poet or composer who wrote of love and chivalry.
vassal A noble holding a fief from another noble of higher rank.
vernacular The everyday language of ordinary people. For example, in medieval England, Latin was the official church language, and English was the vernacular.
interdict In a religious sense, to cut off church functions or privileges
Created by: mockingj