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Amenorrhea The absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Normally occurs before puberty, during pregnancy, after menopause
Dysmenorrhea Pain associated with the menstrual period
Dyspareunia Pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a woman during intercourse
Colposcopy Examination of the cervix
Menopause The permanent cessation of menstruation--usually occurs between ages 45 and 55
Menorrhagia Excessive bleeding during the menstrual period--in the number of days or amount of blood or both. Also called dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)
Metrorrhagia Bleeding between menstrual periods
Trichomonas Vaginalis Causative agent of trichomoniasis (trich) Pear-shaped protozoan with flagella: allows for motility of organism. Usually spread through intercourse.Symptoms frothy vaginal discharge--yellowish-green, unpleasant odor. Itching and irritation.
Candida Albicans Yeastlike fungus-- commonly called yeast infection
Chlamydia Trachomatis Caused by bacterium.
Gonorrhea Bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Braxton Hicks Contractions Intermittent and irregular painless contractions that occur throughout pregnancy
Effacement The thinning and shortening of cervical canal from normal length (1 to 2 cm) to no canal at all
Embryo The child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester (the first 2 months of development)
Engagement The entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet
Fetus The child in utero, from the third month after conception to birth
Preeclampsia A major complication of pregnancy (cause unknown): Symptoms include increasing hypertension, albuminuria, edema. Could cause maternal convulsions and coma; occurs between the 20th week of pregnancy and the end of the first week postpartum
Puerperium The period of time (usually 4 to 6 weeks) after delivery in which uterus and body systems return to normal
Nagele's Rule Add 7 days to the first day of last menstrual period, subtract 3 months, add one year.
Ophthalmia Neonatorum Could infect infant's eyes during passage through birth canal
Fundal Height Pregnant uterus rises gradually into abdominal cavity.
Amniocentesis Long, thin needle inserted through abdomen into amniotic sac surrounding fetus.
NST Monitors changes in heart rate in response to fetal movements
CST Mild contractions of uterus are stimulated for a short time. Used to evaluate response of baby's heart rate to contractions. Determines if baby can withstand stress of labor
Lochia Discharge from the uterus after delivery--consists of: Blood, tissue, WBCs, mucus, some bacteria.
Direct Method
Liquid Base Method
Pap Smear
Created by: itsdelis