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Beg of WWII

Beginning of World War II: World War II elective

TermDefinition
Cash and Carry Policy Altering of the Neutrality Acts which allowed Great Britain to purchase was supplies under the condition that they transport them across the Atlantic itself.
Philippe Pétain Former WWI hero. Organized French surrender to Germany in WWII. Leader of Vichy France. Seen as an example of Nazi collaboration
Erwin Rommel Known as the “desert fox”. Was put in charge of German forces in Africa after Italy’s forces were overwhelmed.
Gustave Gamelin French General who made the decision to send half his forces to the Netherlands and half to the Maginot Line, leaving none to defend France. This proved a costly error.
Winston Churchill British Prime Minister who replaced Neville Chamberlain. Known for his rousing war time speeches that encouraged the British people.
Charles de Gaulle Leader of the Free French who, from London, encouraged the French people to resist German occupation.
King Albert Leader of Belgium who, rather than flee the country, was taken prisoner by the Nazis.
Confetti Campaign The first flights over Berlin by the British was not to drop bombs, but leaflets, earning this nickname.
Athenia Passenger liner sunk by the Germans killing 28 Americans. Of course the US reacted by remaining neutral.
Maginot Line Series of fortifications between the French and German border. Proved ineffective as the Germans went around it.
Luftwaffe Name of the German airforce
Free French Group who led French resistance against the Nazis
RAF British air force.
Lend Lease Act Altering of the Neutrality Acts which allowed for the allies of the United States to borrow vital war materials.
Commissar Decree The ordering of the murder of Russians wearing the Communist insignia.
Venlo Incident Name given to the kidnapping of British agents by SS in an attempt to overthrow Hitler. This caused the British to realize they could never hope to cause an overthrow of Hitler as a way of defeating him.
Katyn Forest Incident where 5,000 Polish officers were murdered by the Soviets and buried in mass graves.
Phony War Name for the period where the belligerents plotted their next move and there was very little fighting, except for in the Atlantic and in Finland.
Ardennes Forest Invasion route of the Germans to attack France, therefore bypassing the Maginot Line
Evacuation of Dunkirk Event which allowed the rescue of many British troops allowing them to fight another day.
Operation Sea Lion Code name for the German plan to invade Great Britain.
Operation Catapult Code name for the mission of the British navy to destroy the French navy to prevent it from falling into Nazi hands.
Operation Eagle Code name for the German attack on British airfields and aircraft factories
ABC Talks Discussions held at the end of January 1941 that would lay out a plan should the United States eventually become involved.
Operation Barbarossa Code name for the invasion of the Soviet Union.
Created by: mrfordglobal