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chap 6 digestive sy

Medical Word Elements

ElementMeaning
or/o mouth--or/al: pertaining to the mouth
stomat/o mouth
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
bucc/o cheek
labi/o lip
dent/o teeth--dent/ist: specialist who diagnoses and treats diseases and disorders of teeth
gingiv/o gum(s)
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o esophagus
odont/o teeth--orth/odont/ist: dentist who specializes in correcting and preventing irregularities of abnormally positioned or aligned teeth
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
cheil/o lip
gastr/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus--pylor/o/spasm:involuntary contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, as in pyloric stenosis -spasm: involuntary contraction, twitching
duoden/o duodenum (first part of small intestine)
enter/o intestine (usually small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (second part of small intestine)
ile/o ileum (third part of small intestine)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
col/o colon
colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus, rectum
an/o anus
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
cholangi/o bile vessel
chol/e** bile, gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o bile duct
-emesis vomit
-iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
-megaly enlargement
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing, eating
-prandial meal
-rrhea discharge, flow
dia- through, across
peri- around
sub- under, below
Created by: Esuvill0