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Ch 6 Symptomatic

Symptomatic and Diagnostic Terminology

Symptomatic/Diagnostic TermsMeaning
arthralgia joint pain
atrophy shrinking of muscle size
crepitation/crepitus grating sound made by movement of some joints or broken bones
exostosis a projection arising from a bone that develops from cartilage
flaccid flabby, relaxed, or having defective or absent muscle tone
hypertrophy increase in the size of a muscle
hypotonia reduced muscle tension
myalgia muscle pain
myodynia muscle pain
ostealgia bone pain
osteodynia bone pain
rigor or rigidity stiffness; stiff muscle
spasm drawing in; involuntary contraction of muscle
spastic uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscles causing stiff and awkward movements (resembles spasm)
tetany tension; prolonged continuous muscle contraction
tremor shaking; rhythmic muscular movement
ankylosis stiff joint condition
arthritis inflammation of the joints charactized by pain, swelling, redness, warmth, and limitation of motion - there are more than 100 different types of arthritis
osteoarthritis; degenerative arthritis, degenerative joint disease (DJD) most common form of arthritis that especially affects weight bearing joints (e.g. knee, hip) characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage
rheumatoid arthritis most crippling form of arthritis characterized by a chronic, systemic inflammation most often affecting joints and synovial membranes (especially in the hands and feet) causing ankylosis and deformity
gouty arthritis acute attacks of arthritis usually in a single joint (especially the great toe) caused by hyperuricemia (an excessive level of uric acid in the blood)
bony necrosis; sequestrum something laid aside; dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply (e.g., after a fracture)
bunion swelling of the joint at the base of the great toe caused by inflammation of the bursa
bursitis inflammation of a bursa
chondromalacia softening of cartilage
epiphysitis inflammation of epiphyseal regions of the long bone
fracture (Fx) broken or cracked bone
closed fracture broken bone with no open wound
open fracture compound fracture; broken bone with an open wound
simple fracture a nondisplaced fracture involving one fracture line that does not require extensive treatment to repair (e.g.; hairline Fx, stress Fx, or a crack)
complex fracture a displaced fracture that requires manipulation or surgery to repair
fracture line line made by broken bone (e.g., oblique, spiral, or transverse)
comminuted fracture broken in many little pieces
greenstick fracture bending and incomplete break of a bone - most often seen in children
herniated disc or disk protrusion of a degenerated or fragmented interverebral disk so that the nucleus pulposus protrudes, causing compression on the nerve root
myeloma bone marrow tumor
myositis inflammation of muscle
myoma muscle tumor
leiomyoma smooth muscle tumor
leiomyosarcoma malignant smooth muscle tumor
rhabdomyoma skeletal muscle tumor
rhabdomyosarcoma malignant skeletal muscle tumor
muscular dystrophy a category of genetically transmitted diseases characterized by progressive atrophy of skeletal muscles (Duchenne's type is most common)
osteoma bone tumor
osteosarcoma malignant bone tumor
osteomalacia disease marked by softening of the bone caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiency
rickets osteomalacia in children (causes bone deformity)
osteomyelitis infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflammation
osteoporosis condition of decreased bone density and increase in porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture (porosis=passage)
porosis passage
spinal curvatures - kyphosis abnormal posterior curvature
spinal curvatures - lordosis abnormal anterior curvature
spinal curvatures - scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature
spondylolisthesis forward slipping of a lumbar vertebra
listhesis slipping
spondylosis stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae
sprain injury to a ligament caused by joint trauma but without joint dislocation or fracture
subluxation a partial dislocation
tendinitis/tendonitis inflammation of a tendon
Created by: mascat