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AP Summer Vocabulary

Summer Assignment

Agriculture The production of crops, livestock, or poultry.
Bureaucracy System of managing government through departments run by appointed officials. (not elected)
Chiefdom Form of political organization with rule by a hereditary leader who held power over a collection of villages and towns. Based on gift giving and commercial links.
City-State A small independent state consisting of an urban center and surrounding agricultural territory.
Civilization Process by which a society or place reaches an advanced stage of social development and organization.
Demography The statistical study of human population especially related to size, distribution, density, and vital statistics.
Diaspora People who have settled far from their original homeland but who still share some measure of ethnic identity.
Epidemic A widespread outbreak of an infectious disease, many people are infected at the same time.
Forager People who support themselves by hunting wild animals and gathering wild edible plants and insects.
Genocide Systematic killing of a racial or cultural group.
Globalization The trend towards increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
Interregional Involving or connecting two or more regions.
Kingdom State or domain ruled by a king or queen.
Merchant A buyer and seller of goods for profit.
Monotheism The religious belief in one God.
Nation An aggregation of people or peoples of one or more cultures, races, etc, organized into a single state.
Neolithic New stone age between 8000 BCE to 5000 BCE; adaptation of agriculture
Nomad Someone who moves from place to place in search of food and water.
Pastoral Relating to shepherds or herdsmen devoted to raising sheep or cattle.
Patriarchal A form of social organization in which the male is the family head and title is traced through the male line.
Polytheism The belief or worship of more than one god.
Prehistoric Human history in the period before recorded events.
Primary source Firsthand evidence about an event, object, person, or work of art created at the time under study.
Rural The countryside, not a town or city.
Scribe People who learned how to read , write, and keep records before the invention of printing.
Secondary source Materials and information created through the assimilation and synthesis of primary and other secondary sources on an event, person, object, or work in the past.
Shaman A person who is believed to have special access to supernatural powers and the gods.
State A nation or territory considered as an organized political community under one government.
Syncretism The unification or blending of opposing people, ideas, or practices, frequently in the realm of religion.
Theocracy A system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.
Urban A city or town.
Synthesis The ability to develop understanding of the past by making meaningful and persuasive historical and/or cross-disciplinary connections between a given historical issue and other historical contexts, periods, themes, or disciplines.
Created by: Mrs. Krieger