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Global 10 review II

older terms

QuestionAnswer
The second largest continent surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west, and the Indian Ocean in the east and south. Africa
The period from about 1450–1750 AD when Europeans sought routes to Asia and explored new areas. Navigational instruments such as the astrolabe and the compass facilitated exploration. Age of Exploration
Administrative system characterized by diffusion of authority among numerous offices and adherence to inflexible rules of operation. Bureaucracy
The rigid social group system characteristic of India, based upon birth, determining the occupation and class of people. caste system
The religious leaders of a particular faith. clergy
The total way of life of a people or society; included are all forms of communication (art, literature, music), history, religion, values, traditions, social structures (family, government) and economic systems. culture
A long period of control of a government by a succession of rulers from the same family. Dynasty
A system of government marked by stringent social and economic control by a strong, centralized government, usually headed by a dictator. Fascism
An association of persons in the same trade or craft, usually found in the medieval period in Europe's history. Guild
The region around Jerusalem in the Middle East where Judaism and Christianity developed, claimed as sacred to both religions. Holy Land
A belief by many who follow the Islamic faith, that a holy war must be fought against non-believers. jihad
An individual or group travelling from one trading area to another; having no roots in any particular region or country. nomad
A formal division within or separation from a church or religious group over some difference in philosophy or doctrine. schism
Trade routes across China that connected Asia with Europe (1000-1500). Silk road
Hostility shown toward Jewish people or discrimination against Jewish people. Anti-Semitism
Leader of the Turkish fight for independence against the ottoman sultanate, and first president of the modern state of Turkey (1923-1938). His authoritarian rule introduced many reforms for modernizing the Turkish economy and customs. Kemal Atatürk
The Russian communists under the leadership of Lenin who ended czarist rule in 1917. Bolsheviks
The nonviolent opposition to a government policy or law by a refusal to comply with it on the basis of one’s conscience Civil Disobedience
The foreign policy goal of restricting the strategic power of a nation or bloc of nations; . This policy was part of the Cold War. Containment
The act of laying down or reducing arms, as well as the reduction in military force personnel. Disarmament
A policy of the former Soviet Union in the 1980s stressing openness in dealing with other nations and between the people within Soviet society. Glasnost
Economic system of supply and demand based on the characteristics of competition. Adam Smith Market Economy
A 1939 agreement between Hitler and Stalin that neither would invade the other's country. Non-aggression Pact
Premier of the Soviet Union after Lenin’s death in 1924. He instituted the Five Year Plans from 1928–1941, conducted ruthless purges of his opponents. His grab for land after World War II set the stage for the Cold War. Joseph Stalin
A tax on goods entering a country for sale from another country. Tariff
(1866-1925) - Chinese nationalist leader. Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen)
A philosophy of living influenced the social (patriarchal family, relationships between friends, family members, government and society) and political (use of civil service exams) life of the Chinese people. Confucianism
The belief that laws and the power of the monarchy are derived from God. Divine Right Mandate of Heaven
Bloodless revolution which occurred in 1688 when James II of England fled and Parliament asked William and Mary to be co-rulers. Glorious Revolution
Noninterference; used in government and economics to mean a policy of minimal government regulation and supervision of business activities. Laissez-Faire
The list of statements or propositions posted on the door of Church by the German cleric, Martin Luther. Luther challenged the sale of indulgences as well as other corrupt practices of the Roman Catholic Church. Ninety-five Theses
Russian Czar (1682-1725) who brought western European technology and culture to Russia in an effort to modernize the nation. Peter The Great
A phrase referring to control of the budget and the collection of taxes. Power of the Purse
Recognition of the rights of individuals and groups to hold dissenting opinions, especially with regard to religious differences. Religious Toleration
The military dictatorship that, from 27 BC to 476 AD, controlled all the lands surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Roman Empire
The ability of a person or group of people to move from one economic and/or social class level to another, usually associated with hard work and opportunity. Social Mobility
Ottoman/Muslim ruler in the 1500’s known for his codification of laws; absolute ruler who did take advice from counselors. Suleiman the Magnificent
The right or privilege of voting for all citizens of a nation without regard to race, color, gender, or creed. Universal Suffrage
The process of developing and changing toward the economic, social, and/or political ways of the West, that is, the Western European allies and the United States. Westernization
Created by: bwegman