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Chapter 33

Heme 2

QuestionAnswer
Acute abdomen is a term that refers to the sudden or abrupt onset of intense abdominal pain and related symptoms, which may include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspnea (difficult breathing), and shock
Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction to an allergen usually in the form of a food, medication, chemical, or insect sting or bite
systemic reaction (meaning that it affects the entire body) and typically occurs within minutes to two hours
Respiratory system histamine may cause the bronchial tubes to constrict, resulting in bronchospasms
GI tract. Histamine can cause cramping, bowel swelling, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Circulatory system. Histamine may cause vasodilation, which in turn promotes hypotension, or a dip in blood pressure, and a leaking of fluid from the blood vessels into the body’s tissues. The leaking of the blood vessels causes blood volume to diminish, resulting in shock.
Integumentary system. Histamine can cause hives to occur throughout the body but may be more prevalent on the lips, tongue, and throat, blocking critical air passages.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes the bronchial tubes to constrict and blocks the flow of air to and from the lungs
Foreign body airway obstruction (FBOA) causes asphyxia and can be terrifying to the patient. It can result in rapid loss of consciousness and death if the symptoms are not immediately detected and treated.
The medical term for heart attack is myocardial infarction (MI) . A myocardial infarction may be the result of atherosclerosis or a buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries.
diaphoresis (excessive sweating), and dizziness
DIABETIC COMA Life threatening condition in which PT BLOOD SUGAR IS DANGEROUSLY HIGH
Ventricular fibrillation is a condition in which the ventricle of the heart beats in a disorganized, rapid manner
automated external defibrillator (AED defibrillator that is completely automated and easy to use; designed to shock the heart into a normal rhythm during periods of ventricular fibrillation
CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and means to restore heart and lung function.
The AED is designed to shock the heart into a normal rhythm during periods of ventricular fibrillation
An algorithm outlines a detailed sequence of actions to perform in order to accomplish a task
Acute abdomen is a term that refers to the sudden or abrupt onset of intense abdominal pain and related symptoms, which may include fever, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspnea (difficult breathing), and shock
Defibrillation is a procedure in which drugs or electrical shocks are used to restore normal contractions
A stroke, brain attack, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), are terms that refer to a blockage or bleeding within the blood vessels of the brain.
embolus (air bubble, foreign body, or detached blood clot / moving clot
ischemia (a loss of blood supply to the affected area
transient ischemic attacks (TIA) or ministrokes, and patients who smoke. The symptoms of TIAs include headache, confusion, tinnitus, and personality changes. TIAs usually only last a few minutes and may be a predecessor to a stroke.
Hemorrhaging is a term that means uncontrollable bleeding
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that causes the bronchial tubes to constrict and blocks the flow of air to and from the lungs
diabetic coma life-threatening condition in which the patient’s blood sugar is dangerously high, causing the patient to go into a coma
diabetic ketoacidosis: a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones, and develops when the body is unable to produce enough insulin
ABRASIONS Suferficial scrapes that may be very painful
ACUTE ABDOMEN Sudden or abrupt onset of intense abdominal pain
ALGORITHM Outlines a detailed sequence of actions to perform in order to accomplish a task
ASTHMA Chronic lung disease which causes the bronchial tubes to constrict and block the air flow to and from the lungs
AUTOMATED EXTERNAL RESUSCITATION Automated unit that defibrillates the heart
CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION A procedure to restore heart and lung functions
CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT ( CVA) Another term for stroke or brain attack , referring to a blockage or bleeding with in the blood vessels of the brain
DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS Serious of complications of diabetes that occurs when the body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones and develops when the body is unable To produce enough insulin
Concussion Injury in which the brain is jarred
Crash cart Cart that stocks all of the medications and supplies used in an emergency
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION To restore heart and lung function
Which of the following drugs would not likely to be found on an Emergency cart Imitrex
Clot-busting drug Tissue plasminogen activator Given within three hrs of stroke
If victim has a pacemaker The AED should be placed 1 inch from pacemaker
ANOTHER TERM FOR HEART ATTACK Myocardial infarction
Poison can enter the body through Inhalation/ ingestion/injection/absorbtion
A servers life threatening allergic reaction is called Anaphylactic
Which of the following is the first step used to control external bleeding Direct pressure
SYNCCOPE A brief episode of unconsciousness or fainting
THROMBUS Blood clot
HEAT STROKE Occurs when body is either unable to cool itself down due to dehydrated / phycological condition
HEAT EXHAUSTION Exposure to heat while working / excessive exercise
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION Another term for heart attack
FROSTBITE Local injury of skin due to freezing or sub freezing conditions
HYPOTHERMIA A condition that occurs when body temperature falls below 95 f( 35c)
TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK(TIA) Another term for a mini stroke
ORTHOSTATIC HYPOTENTION Blood pressure that drops upon standing
TRIAGE Process in which PTs symptoms are ranked in terms of importance or priority
SEIZURE Sudden attack that results from a malfunction of the brain; the two types are ( PETITE MAL ) and ( GRAND MAL)
TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY Injury to the brain caused by trauma
INSULIN SHOCK Life threatening condition in which the PTs blood sugar drops to a dangerously low level, causing the PT to go into shock
SHOCK A potentially fatal condition that can be brought on by disease , injury ,,decrease in circulation and or fluid loss
HEMMORRHAGING Uncontrollable bleeding
Heat cramp Cramping that occurs from a combination of factors, including elevated Temperature loss of fluids and a loss of salt from the body, usually confined To the abdomen and legs
TREATMENT OF NOSEBLEEDS Tilt head slightly forward / pinching the nostrils/ cold compress
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS COMMON FOR AN ARTERIAL BLEED Bright red blood that spurts
PT / PPT Light blue tube
HGB1AC Lavender tube
Random/fasting glucose Grey tube
Serum SST Red / red-black
CBC WITH DIFF Lavender
Plasma PST TUBE Light mint green Lithium heparin STAT CHEMISTRY PALSMA
Heparin tube Dark green Lithium or sodium heparin Chemistry plasma studies
EDTA Lavender Binds calcium Hematology/ CBC
HEMOCONCENTRATION Tourniquet on too long
HEMOLYSIS Tourniquet on too tight
Pinky side Bascialic
Thumb side Cephalic
Median cubical vein Middle vien medial
Created by: Tbella