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chapter 13 Endocrine

Anatomy and Physiology Key Terms

TermDefinition
antagonistic Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolytes Mineral salts (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carry an electrical charge in solution
glucagon Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that increases the blood glucose level by stimulating the liver to change stored glycogen (a starch form of sugar) to glucose
glucose Simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
homeostasis Relative constancy or balance in the internal environment of the body, maintained by processes of feedback and adjustment in response to external or internal changes
hormones Chemical substances produced by specialized cells of the body that are released slowly in minute amounts directly into the bloodstream
insulin Hormone produced by pancreatic beta cells that acts to remove sugar (glucose) from the blood by promoting its storage in tissues as carbohydrates (glycogen)
sympathomimetic Agent that mimics the effects of the sympathetic nervous system
target Structure, organ, or tissue to which something is directed
Created by: Esuvill0