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Phleb 2

Chapter 28

QuestionAnswer
ANTISERUM Serum that contains antibodies to a specific antigen used to perform blood typing
AGGLUTINATION Antigen-antibody reaction which involves clumping of cells due to the antibody attaching itself to The antigen
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN Kidney function indicator test which measures the amount of nitrogen in the blood
ANALYTE Ant substance that is being chemically analyed
HOMEOSTASIS In a healthy body, specific mechanism monitor and make Adjustments to the internal environment to help maintain To help maintain a constant state of balance
LIPOPROTEIN When fats are combined with protein in the blood
TRIGLYCERIDE Another type of lipid or fat found in the blood
ANTIBODY Particle produced in response to an antigen for the purpose Of neutralizing or destroying that antigen
BILIRUBIN Is a waste product of hemoglobin breakdown formed in the liver and excreted in the bile
THE CHOLESTEROL LEVEL IS DIVIDED INTO HDL / good LDL/ bad
ONCE YOUR BODY PRODUCES AN ANTIBODY TO A PARTICULAR ? ANTIGEN you will always have that antibody stored in your blood stream to fight it
HYPERGLYCEMIC High blood glucose levels
HYPOCALCEMIA Low blood glucose levels
HDL IS THE LIPOPROTEIN THAT REMOVES ? Cholesterol from the body by taking it to the liver where it is excreted In bile
HCG HORMONE Is released by the placenta may be detectable in the PT ( urine or blood ) As early as. 1 to 5 days after missed period
FBS ( fasting blood sugar) 70 - 105 mg/dl
FBS Helps diagnose and follow management of diabetes
BUN (Blood urea nitrogen) 8 - 25 mg/dl
BUN Kidney fuction
HbA1c 4.5 - 6.5. Mg/dl
HbA1c ( 3 month) Indicates blood glucose control over the previous 3 months
CREATININE .4 - 1.5 mg/dl Renal function
TOTAL CHOLESTEROL (Less than ) <200 mg/dl
Total cholesterol ( CHD ) Coronary artery disease and assess the risk of developing CHD
HDL ( greater than) 40 mg/ dl Assess risk of artery disease
LDL ( less than) < 100 mg/dl Assess the risk of artery disease
Triglycerides ( less than ) < 150 mg/ dl Assess the risk of artery disease
What is the purpose of laboratory profile ? ( group of tests ) Multiple test can be proformed on a small sample of blood
The importance of proper specimen collection and handling Follow all lab guidelines for specimen collection and handling As not to hemolyze the blood
Purpose of 2 HR postprandial blood glucose level test ( ATTPP ) Drink FBS. / Wait 2 hrs after drink to test glucose tolerance
GLUCOSE TOLERANCE TEST ( OGTT ) FBS ( OGTT ) Oral pill
ELECTROLYTES FUNCTIONS ( SODIUM ) Regulates h2o in the body and maintains proper functions of the Nervous and muscular systems
ELECTROLYTES FUNCTIONS ( POTASSIUM) Regulates heartbeat and muscule functions Important in neuron fuction
ELECTROLYTES FUNCTIONS ( chloride ) Maintains normal balance of body fluids
ROLE OF HbA1c in management of diabetes AIDS in determining how well blood glucose levels have been controlled over the past 8/12 weeks ( 3 months)
TYPE ONE DIABETES Child on set type one insulin therapy
TYPE TWO DIABETES Adults onset after 40 due to insulin resistance or deficiency Or insulin PT who occasionally needs insulin therapy
Gestational diabetes During pregnancy
ICTEPIC SERUM Deep yellow/ jaundice/ liver disease
LIPEMIC SERUM Milky / cloudy lipid Metabolism disorder
HEMOLYTIC DISEASE Red/ rosy / pink Collection error!!!!!
Serum Is what is found AFTER blood has clotted ( outside )
PLASMA What is left after blood has been centrifuges with anticoagulant ( inside )
CHAIN OF CUSTODY ALCOHOL AND DRUG TESTS VERIFY SAMPLE/ ENSURE ANALYTICAL METHODS WERE PREFORMED CORRECTLY AND TO PRESERVE LEGAL INTEGRITY OF THE SAMPLE IN A COURT OF LAW
SCREENING TEST FOR SYPHILIS VDRL
PT blood test + reaction when tested with anti - B serum It indicates what blood type B
BLOOD GLUCOSE RESULT OF 140 mg/dl Would indicate impaired glucose tolerance
WHEN HEMOSTASIS IS DISRUPTED It increases or lowers chemicals that are out of normal range
TEST FOR HEPATIC PROFILE Total and direct bilirubin/ ALT /AST
WHEN TESTING FOR OGTT Fast for 10 hours prior to testing
TUMOR MARKER FOR COLORECTAL CANCER CEA
CAUSE OF PEPTIC ULCER HELICOBACTER PYLORI
Determines blood type ANTIGENS
Created by: Tbella