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Roman Empire

Ancient Rome Vocabulary Part Two

TermDefinition
Roman Empire A time in Rome when the government was ruled by a dictator (one person) and the Roman Senate had been overthrown by Julius Ceasar.
Dictator A ruler during the Roman Empire this person had total power of the empire of Rome.
Julius Caesar A great general who fought for the plebeians rights and overthrew the Roman Republic. He made himself dictator of Rome and was killed by his peers.
Caesar Octavian "Augustus" Caesar's adpoted son who became next emperor after Caesar's death. He was the leader of Rome during the Golden Age.
Pax Romana The Roman Golden Age during the first 200 years of the Roman Empire. It was a time of peace in Rome, with a stable government, and inventions. A time of prosperity.
Aqueduct Raised tunnels used to carry water from the mountains to the cities. A irrigation system in Rome and example of Roman technology.
Colosseum The massive stone amphitheater was built in 70 A.D. It was the site of celebrations, sporting events, and bloodshed. It held gladiatorial combats and wild animal fights. A public arena of Roman entertainment.
Attila The Hun The leader of the Hun Empire that invaded the Roman Empire. He was a barbarian leader. He attacked at a time when Rome was falling apart due to internal conflicts (corrupt leadership, high unemployment, disease, invasion because Rome was weak).
Inflation An increase in the price of something and a fall in the value of money. Rome created more coins to help its economy. This effort failed because the coins were less in value than the price of goods.
Emperor Sovereign ruler of great power and rank, the leader of the Roman Empire by hereditary rule.
Roman Coin A form of money in the Roman Empire.
Barter A form of exchanging goods or services without paying money. Romans used this when money was worthless.
Roman Roads Physical roads build to connect Rome to the rest of the Roman Empire. This was used to distribute resources, transport the army, and send communications throughout the Empire.
Punic Wars The set of three wars fought between Rome and Carthage.
Hannibal Barca The general of Carthage's army responsible for achieving the impossible (leading an army with elephants through the Alps mountains to attack Rome).
Poverty The state of being extremely poor. Rome experienced growing poverty when the small farmers lost their lands and the value of money was worthless.
Professional Soldier Positions created to fight in the army. People were paid a wage and promised land in exchange for fighting.
Gaul The land in modern-day France, where Julius Caesar lead the army to fight and expand the Roman Empire.
External Problems Problems from outside of the Roman empire's control that contribute to the end of the empire. Examples: Disease, Constant invaders (war).
Internal Problems Problems inside the Roman empire that contribute to the end of the empire. These are problems the government could have controlled. Examples: Poverty, Corruption of Government, Death of Leaders, and Civil War.
Created by: csackrider