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Ch 6 Joints/Muscle

Anatomical Terms related to Joints & Muscle

Anatomical Terms/Joints, MusclMeaning
articulation a joint; the point where two bones come together
bursa a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid
disc/disk a flat plate-like structure composed of fibrocartilaginous tissue found between the vertebrae to reduce friction
nucleus pulposus soft, fibrocartilaginous, central portion of intervertebral disc
ligament a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
synovial membrane membrane lining the capsule of a joint
synovial fluid lubricating fluid secreted by synovial membrane
muscle tissue composed of fibers that can contract, causing movement of an organ or part of the body
striated (skeletal) muscle voluntary striated muscle attached to the skeleton
smooth muscle involuntary muscle found in internal organs
cardiac muscle muscle of the heart
origin of a muscle end attached to the bone that does not move when the muscle contracts
insertion of a muscle end attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts
tendon a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone
fascia a band; a sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports and separates muscle
Created by: mascat