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Chapter 28 Vocab

World War II

appeasement Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
Winston Churchill A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West
Axis Powers in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936
nonaggression pact 1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
blitzkrieg "Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Allies an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
Battle of Britain an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Hideki Tojo This general was premier of Japan during World War II while this man was dictator of the country. He gave his approval for the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a major role in Japan's military decisions until he resigned in 1944
isolationism a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Erwin Rommel German field marshal noted for brilliant generalship in North Africa during World War II (1891-1944)
Battle of El Alamein 1942-British victory in WWII that stopped the Axis forces from advancing into Northern Africa
Dwight D. Eisenhower US Military General during WWII who commanded the Allied forces on D-Day; 34th president of US; negotiated peace in the Korean Conflict
Siege of Leningrad German forces surrounded this Russian city, cutting off supplies. About one million people died of starvation and cold weather
Battle of Stalingrad Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Douglas MacArthur United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
Bataan Death March April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died en route.
Battle of Midway 1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific
Battle of Guadalcanal (1942-1943) World War II battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
kamikazes in World War II, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
deported forced to leave a country
Final Solution the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
ghetto a poor densely populated city district occupied by a minority ethnic group linked together by economic hardship and social restrictions
concentration camps prison camps established by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party for Jews and other political prisoners during the war.
Holocaust A methodical plan orchestrated by Hitler to ensure German supremacy. It called for the elimination of Jews, non-conformists, homosexuals, non-Aryans, and mentally and physically disabled.
D-Day Planned June 5th June 6 1944 Germans occupied Normandy France Germans though it would occur at Calais and goal was to liberate Paris
V-E Day May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Battle of Iwo Jima battle in which US forces conquered a Japanese island to use for bombing raids
Battle of Okinawa (1945) World War II victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American lives
Harry S Truman The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945.
Hirohito emperor of Japan who renounced his divinity and became a constitutional monarch after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II (1901-1989)
V-J Day "Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
Yalta Conference a conference held in Yalta in February 1945 where Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned the final stages of World War II and agreed to the territorial division of Europe
United Nations an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
Potsdam Conference The final wartime meet of the leaders of the U.S. , Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements led to the onset of the Cold War.
Created by: austinvarner