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Chapter 28


Appeasement giving in to aggressive demands in order to avoid war
Winston Churchill British prime minister; he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War ll
Axis Powers the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan in World War ll
Nonaggression Pact an agreement between nations to not attack one another
Blitzkrieg a German word meaning "lightning war"; a fast, forceful style of fighting used by Germans in World War ll
Allies the alliance of Britain, France, and Russia in World War ll; joined by the United States after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941
Battle of Britain three month air battle between Germany and Great Britain fought over Great Britain during World War ll; Britain's victory forestalled a German invasion
Hideki Tojo Japanese nationalist and general, he took control of Japan during WWII. He was later tried and executed for war crimes.
Isolationism staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations; the position initially held by the United States at the beginning of World War ll
Erwin Rommel German general during WWII, he commanded the Afrika Korps and was nicknamed the Desert Fox for his leadership.
Battle of El Alamein World War ll battle in which Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal
Dwight D. Eisenhower General, 34th president of the US, as supreme allied commander in Europe during WWII, he led the allied invasions of North Africa and France.
Siege of Leningrad Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city of Leningrad in the Soviet Union during World War ll; as many as 1 million civilians perished during the siege
Battle of Stalingrad World War ll battle between invading German forces and Soviet defenders for control of Stalingrad, a city on the Volga River; each side sustained hundreds of thousands of casualties; Germany's defeat marked a turning point in the war
Douglas MacArthur American general, he commanded US troops in the southwest pacific during WWII and administered Japan after the war ended. He later commanded UN forces at the beginning of the Korean War, until he was removed by President Truman.
Bataan Death March a force march of American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in World War ll
Battle of Midway World War ll naval battle fought in the Pacific; the Americans broke the Japanese code and knew the date and location of the attack, setting the stage for a major American victory
Battle of Guadalcanal World War ll battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island
Kamikazes in World War ll, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships
Deported forced to leave the country
Final Solution the Nazi Party's plan to murder the entire Jewish Population of Europe and the Soviet Union
Ghetto an area where minority groups live
Concentration Camps detention sites created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, killed civilians
Holocaust the killing of millions of Jews and others by the Nazis during World War ll
D-Day June 6, 1944; the first day of the Allied invasion of Normandy in World War ll
V-E Day May 8, 1945; a term used y the Allies, it stands for "victory in Europe" during World War ll
Battle of Iwo Jima World War ll battle between Japanese forces and invading U.S. troops
Battle of Okinawa World War ll victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American lives
Harry S Truman 33rd president of the US, he became president upon the death of Franklin D Roosevelt. He led the US through the end of WWII and the beginning of the Cold War.
Hirohito Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989, he led Japan during WWII and was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagagsaki.
V-J Day August 15, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory over Japan" during World War ll
Yalta Conference a meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin to reach an agreement on what to do with Germany after World War ll
United Nations international organization formed in 1945 to maintain world peace and encourage cooperation among nations
Potsdam Conference a meeting of Allied leaders in the German city of Potsdam to address issues about the post- World War ll Europe
Created by: averygarris