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Chp.28 - WW ll

Term / Definition

TermDefinition
appeasement giving into aggression demands in order to avoid war.
Winston Churchill British prime minister; he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War ll.
Axis Powers the alliance of Germany, Italy and Japan in World War ll.
nonaggression pact an agreement between nations not to attack each other.
blitzkreig a German word meaning "lighting war" a fast, forceful style of fighting used by German in World War 1.
allies the alliance of Britain, France & Russia in World War ll; joined by the United States after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941.
Battle of Britian 3 month air battle between Germany & Great Britain fought over Great Britain during World War ll; Britain victory forestalled a German invasion.
Hideki Tojo Japanese nationalist and general; he took control of Japan during World War ll, he was later tried & executed for crimes.
isolationism staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations; the position initially held by the United States at beginning of World War ll.
Erwin Rommel German general during World War ll; he commanded the Africa Korps and was nicknamed the Desert Fox for his leadership.
Battle of El Alamein World War ll in which Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal.
Dwight D. Eisenhower General; 34th president of the United States; as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War ll; he lead the Allied invasions.
Seige of Leningrad Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city of Leningrad in the Soviet Union during World War ll, 1 million citizens were perished during the siege.
Battle of Stalingrad World War ll battle between invading German forces and Soviet defenders for control of Stalingrad, a city on the Volga River; each side sustained hundreds of thousands of casualties ; Germany's defeat marked a turning point in the war.
Dougulas MacArthur American general, he commanded U.S troops in the Southwest Pacific during World War ll & administrated Japan after the war ended.
Bataan Death March a forced march of American & Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in World War ll.
Battle of Midway World War ll naval battle fought in the Pacific; the Americans broke the Japanese code and knew the date & location of the attack, setting the stage for a major American victory.
Battle of Guadalcanal World War ll battle in the Pacific; t represented the 1st allied counter-attack against Japanese forces; allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island.
kamikazas in World War ll, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft and crashed them into enemy ships.
deported forced to leave a country.
Final Solution the Nazi's party plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe & the Soviet Union.
ghetto an area where minority groups live.
concentration camps detention sites created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize and in some cases kill civilians.
Holocaust the killing of millions of Jews and others by the Nazi's during World War ll.
D-day June 6, 1944; the 1st day of the allied invasion of Normandy in World War ll.
V-E Day May 8, 1945; a term used by the Allies it is used by the Allies it stands for " victory in Europe" during World War ll.
Battle of Two Jima World War ll battle between Japanese forces and invading U.S troops.
Battle of Okinawa World War ll victory for the Allied troops that resulted in deaths of almost all of the 100,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American lives.
Harry S Truman 33rd president of the United States; he became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt, he lead the United States through the end of World War ll and the beginning of the Cold War.
Hirohito Emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989; he led Japan during World War ll and was forced in unconditional surrender following the atomic bombs.
V-J Day August 15, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory over Japan" during World War ll.
Yalta Conference a meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin to reach an agreement on what to do with Germany after World War ll.
United Nations international organization formed in 1945 to maintain world peace and encourage cooperation among nations.
Potsdam Conference a meeting of Allied leaders in the German city of Potsdam to address issues about the post- World War ll Europe.
Created by: kaileepetty