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Chapter 28:WW2

Chapter 28: World War 2

TermDefinition
Appeasement Giving in to aggressive demands in order to avoid war.
Winston Churchill British prime minister; he opposed the policy of appeasement and led Great Britain through World War 2.
Axis Powers The alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan in World War 2.
Nonaggression Pact An agreement between nations to not attack one another.
Blitzkrieg A German word meaning "lighting war"; a fast, forceful style of fighting used by Germans in World War 2.
Allies The alliance of Britain, France, and Russia in World War 2; joined by the United States after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941.
Battle of Britian 3 month air battle between Germany and Great Britain fought over Great Britain during World War 2; Britain's victory forestalled a German invasion.
Hideki Tojo Japanese nationalist and general; he took control of Japan during World War 2. He was later tried and executed for war crimes.
Isolationism Staying out of the affairs and wars of other nations; the position initially held by the United States at the beginning of World War 2.
Erwin Rommel German general during World War 2; he commanded the Afrika Korps and was nicknamed the Desert Fox for his leadership.
Battle of El Alamein World War 2 battle in which Britain won a decisive victory over Germany in Egypt, securing the Suez Canal.
Dwight D. Eisenhower General; 34 president of the United States; as Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War 2, he led the Allied invasions of North Africa and of France (D-Day)
Siege of Leningrad Nazi army's unsuccessful attempt to capture the city of Leningrad in the Soviet Union during World War 2; as many as 1 million civilians perished during the siege.
Battle of Stalingrad World War 2 battle between invading German forces and Soviet defenders for control of Stalingrad, a city on the Volga River; each side sustained hundreds of thousands of casualties; Germany's defeat marked a turning point in the war.
Douglas MacArthur American general, he commanded U.S. troops in the southwest Pacific during World War 2 and administered Japan after the war ended. He later commanded UN forces at the beginning of the Korean War, until he was removed by President Truman.
Bataan Death March A forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war captured by the Japanese in the Philippines in World War 2.
Battle of Midway World War 2 naval battle fought in the Pacific; the Americans broke the Japanese code and knew the date and location of the attack, setting the stage for a major American victory.
Battle of Guadalcanal World War 2 battle in the Pacific; it represented the first Allied counterattack against Japanese forces; Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island.
Kamikazes In World War 2, Japanese pilots who loaded their aircraft with bombs and crashed them into enemy ships.
Deported Forced to leave a country.
Final Solution The Nazi Party's plan to murder the entire Jewish population of Europe and the Soviet Union.
Ghetto An area where minority groups live.
Concentration Camps Detention sites created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
Holocaust The killing of millions of Jews and others by the Nazis during World War 2.
D-Day June 6, 1944; the first day of the Allied invasion of Normandy in World War 2.
V-E Day May 8, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory in Europe" during World War 2.
Battle of Iwo Jima World War 2 battle between Japanese forces and invading U.S. troops.
Battle of Okinawa World War 2 victory for the Allied troops that resulted in the deaths of almost all of the 10,000 Japanese defenders; the battle claimed 12,000 American lives.
Harry S Truman 33 president of the United States; he became president upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He led the United States through the end of World War 2 and the beginning of the Cold War.
Hirohito Emperor of Japan from 1926-1989; he led Japan during World War 2 and was forced into unconditional surrender following the atomic-bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
V-J Day August 15, 1945; a term used by the Allies, it stands for "victory over Japan" during World War 2.
Yalta Conference (February, 1945) A meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin to reach an agreement on what to do with Germany after World War 2.
United Nations International organization formed in 1945 to maintain world peace and encourage cooperation among nations.
Potsdam Conference (1945) A meeting of Allied leaders in the German city of Potsdam to address issues about the post-World War 2 Europe.
Created by: MaKayla Gierke