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HTI Final Review V2

HTI Final Review Version 2

QuestionAnswer
Define- Diurnal Variation Normal, daily variations in body chemistry caused by hormone cycles, sleep-awake cycles, etc
Define- Basal State The body's state after 12 hours of fasting and abstaining from exercise
Define- Hemoconcentration Increase in ratio of formed elements in plasma, usually from leaving the tourniquet on too long
Define- Hemolysis The destruction of RBCs
Define- Hematoma Red, swollen area in which blood collects in the tissue of the venipuncture site
Define- Petechiae Small red spots appearing on skin near tourniquet that is too tight/Due to clotting disorder
Define- Modified Allen Test Test for collateral circulation
Define- STAT Short Turnaround Time
Define- HAI Healthcare Associated Infection/Infection contracted by a patient during a hospital stay
Define- MI Myocardial Infarction/Heart Attack
Define- Centrifuge Machine that spins samples at very high speeds in order to separate the plasma/serum from the formed elements
Define- CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid/Fluid within the brain and spinal cord
Define- NP Swab Nasopharyngeal Culture/Used to diagnose whooping cough, pneumonia, and other upper respiratory infections
Define- HIPPA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996/Protects a patient's Protected Health Information
Define- Cystic Fibrosis Genetic disorder affecting the lungs/Sweat Electrolyte testing used for diagnosis
Define- Clean Catch Urine sample that is collected midstream to avoid possible contamination
Define- ESR Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate/Sed Rate/Test for inflammation in the body
Define- PKU Phenylketonuria/Type of amino acid metabolism disorder/Body can't process part of a protein called phenylalanine (Phe)
Define- Malpractice Delivery of substandard care that results with the injury of a patient
Define- BNP Brain Natriuretic Peptide/Blood test to determine Myocardial Infarction
Define- Antiseptic Solution used for disinfecting human tissue
What is the lifespan of an RBC? 120 days
What does Hemoglobin do? Transports O2 from the lungs to the tissues/CO2 from tissues to lungs
Created by: jasoneldert