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Phlebotomy: Week 1

Oder of Draw, Additives, Etc

QuestionAnswer
Order of Draw Yellow Light Blue Red Tiger Red Green Lavender Grey
Additive: Yellow Tube SPS (blood culture)
Additive: Light Blue Tube Sodium Citrate (anti coagulant)
Additive: Red Tube None
Additive: Red Tiger Tube Polymer Gel (Clot Activator)
Additive: Green Tube Heparin
Additive: Lavender Tube (CBC) EDTA
Additive: Grey Tube (glucose) Sodium Flouride or Potassium Oxalate
What is the hole in the bevel of the needle? Lumen
What happens when you advance the stopper past the mark of the adaptor? Release vaccume
Evacuated Tube: Has a vaccume
What do you do with a light blue tube if it is only filled half way? Draw more blood?
What do you do before you bandage the puncture site? Apply pressure
Hematoma: Reddened, swollen area, in which blood collects under the skin
Palpate: Probing/feeling
Hemolysis: Destruction of red blood cells
Petechia: When capillaries rupture due to the tourniquet being left on too long.
What is the largest gauge? 16-18 gauge (used at bloodbanks)
What is the smallest gauge? 23 gauge (butterfly, used for pediatrics and small veins)
What gauge is typically used for routine venipuncture? 21-22 gauge
How do you prevent a hematoma? Release the tourniquet before removing the needle
FBS Fasting blood sugar
STAT Short turnaround time
ABG Arterial blood gases
Where should the tourniquet go? 3-4 inches above the puncture site
How long should the tourniquet stay on? Less than 1 minute
TDM Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (toxicology study)
SST Serum Separator Tube (has clot activator in it)
(Serum) icteric darker, yellow color; represents liver disease
C & S Culture sensitivity test- Most common biology test. Ex:Strep throat. Test to determine antibiotic therapy
Pap smear is examined in ______________ lab Cytology
Immunohematology is blood banking (transfusions). Red/ Pink top tube.
Autologous Donation Patients can donate their own blood for use late
C & S is performed in Microbiology
Hystology (check the spelling) Test tissues
Lavender CBC
APTT Blood test for coagulation of IV like heparin therapy
Lipemic specimen Fatty and cloudy
Hemostasis Controlling the bleeding
Pink tinged serum Hemolysis
CSLI Set clinical standards Clinical and laboratory standards institute
CEU Continuing education units
Two legal concerns Informed consent and confidentiality
Created by: hippiejess419