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WRLD CIV CH 13 2018

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian World Civ. Ch. 13 Flshcrds 2018

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "mercantilism" mean/ refer to? A set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17th century.
Complete the following sentence: "___________________ were the offspring of Africans and Europeans". Mulattos.
What criticism did Bartolome de las Casas make of the "encomienda" system? He did not like how they didn't allow religious activity.
List the four (4) products that were sent from the Americas to Europe. 1.) Sugar; 2.) Cotton; 3.) Vanilla; 4.) Livestock.
What did Francisco Pizarro do? This explorer conquered the Incas.
Who is Vasco da Gama and what did he do? He was Portuguese sailor who went around the cape and cut across the Indian Ocean to the coast of India.
What did Prince Henry the Navigator do? 1.) He sponsored voyages of exploration along Africa's west coast; 2.) he started a navigation school in Sagres, Portugal.
Which ethnic groups have influenced American culture? 1.) Europeans; 2.) Latin American; 3.) Asian; 4.) African.
How did the "caravel's" design help European explorers? This ship had a flatter hull which allowed it to get close to the rocky shores of west Africa; it had a large cargo hold; and a faster ship design.
What does the term "Columbian Exchange" mean/ refer to? The exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americas.
What does the term "Middle Passage" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the middle portion of the triangular trade route between Europe, the Caribbean, and the 13 (American) Colonies.
What were the four (4) social classes in Colonial Latin America in order from the richest class to the poorest class? 1.) Peninsulares; 2.) Creoles; 3.) Mestizos; 4.) Mulattoes.
Which European country took the lead in voyages of exploration? Portugal did this.
What does the term "subsidy" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "government payment to encourage or protect a certain economic activity".
What three (3) continents were left untouched by European explorers? 1.) Australia; 2.) Antarctica; 3.) Asia.
In addition to the Portuguese and Spanish, what countries had colonies in Latin America? 1.) The French; 2.) The Dutch.
Which European ruler granted "encomienda" to the Spanish settlers in the Americas? Queen Isabella did this.
What countries had colonies that were east of the line set by the Treaty of Tordesillas? Portugal had colonies there.
Why were the Portuguese the first successful European explorers? During this period, this country had guns and were experts in seamanship. This allowed their fleets to easily defeat local naval and land forces.
What made Ferdinand Magellan a famous explorer in history? He is remembered as the first person to circumnavigate (i.e. "sail around") the globe.
What does the term "Triangular Trade" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the exchange of plants and animals between Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
Created by: sticklerpjpII