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WHI_Lesson 4a (2018)

Ancient India

TermDefinition
Subcontinent A large landmass that is attached to an even larger continent, yet is geographically and politically a separate region.
Vedas A collection of sacred knowledge and are the foundations of Hinduism.
Raja A Hindu small village leader who protected the land in exchange for food and money.
Brahmins Hindu priests that are on the top of the Vedic Social Pyramid (cast system)
Kshatiyas Hindu warriors that are on the 2nd tier of the Vedic Social Pyramid (cast system)
Vaisyas Hindu landowners/merchants that are on the 3rd tier of the Vedic Social Pyramid (cast system)
Sudras Hindu peasant/laborers that are on the 4th tier of the Vedic Social Pyramid (cast system)
Untouchables Outcast in Hindu society that are on the bottom of the Vedic Social Pyramid (cast system) and are not protected by Hindu laws.
Brahman Hindu term: Belief in an eternal spirit that created and maintains the world. The Hindu god is manifested and worshiped through numerous deities.
Moksha Hindu term: Release from the cycle of rebirth.
Dharma Hindu term: Fulfillment of ritual and spiritual obligations.
Karma Hindu term: The result of one’s actions which impacts their destiny.
Sanskrit the Indian style of ancient writing
Indian Civilization River Valley Civilization in South Asia on the Indus River
Classical Indian Civilizations Civilizations that began in the Indus and Ganges River Valleys and spread throughout the Indian Subcontinent.
Harrappa & Mohenjo-Daro Early river civilizations in the Indian River Valley Civilization
Caste System Social structure that is rigid and people are born into and define all interactions and choices of occupations.
Indigenous people groups living where they were born
Hindu Kush Mountain pass between Indian subcontinent and Middle East that fostered trade
Hinduism Religion developed in classical India that believes in many forms of one God. A person is judged by Karma for reincarnation for future life.
Vedas & Upanishads Name of Hindu sacred religious writtings
Buddhism Religion developed in India by Siddhartha Gautama based on the Four Noble Truths and Eight-fold Path to Enlightenment.
Ashoka Mauryan Empire leader who sent Buddhist missionaries throughout Asia (China).
Siddhartha Guatama Founder of Buddhism that originated in India and then spread to China.
Created by: catherine_pace